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Updated: Oct 2, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Cambodia

Country Name

Cambodia, also Kampuchea, and officially the Kingdom of Cambodia.


Cambodia is located in southeastern Asia. Cambodia is bordered by the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest, Vietnam to the east, Laos to the north, and Thailand to the northwest.


Phnom Penh.

Reason Of Naming

The word 'Kampuchea' is derived from the Sanskrit Kambujadeśa, or Kambuja – an early tribe from northern India who oversaw huge parts of Southeast Asia ahead of the formation of the Khmer Empire. It is thought that Indian traders introduced the name when they discovered remote lands in the region.


The current flag of Cambodia was adopted in 1993. The first use of the flag was in 1948.

Three horizontal bands of blue, red (double width), and blue, The flag consists of three horizontal stripes blue, red (double width), and blue, with a white silhouette of Angkor Wat, centered on the red band.

The meaning behind colors and symbols of Cambodia's flag are all inspired by the country's cultural beliefs. The red represents the bravery of the Cambodian nation, and Buddhism(the dominant religion in the country), the white represents purity and religious beliefs, the blue color represents unity, and cooperation between the Cambodian people, blue can also represent the royalty of the country’s monarchy. The temple represents the Angkor Wat, a 12th-century temple of great spiritual and cultural importance among Cambodians.


Khmer is the official language in Cambodia. It is spoken by nearly 90% of the country’s population. The language is used in government administration, imparting education at all levels, media, etc. French, once the language of government in Indochina, is still spoken by many older Cambodians and is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France. Although French was the dominant foreign language in Cambodia for a long time, English replaced French in 1993. Currently, street signs in the country are usually bilingual, written in both the Khmer language as well as English. Other Minority Languages spoken in Cambodia are Cham, Vietnamese, Tumpoon, Lao, Yue Chinese, Jarai, and Mon-Khmer languages.


Theravada Buddhism is the official and by far the most prevalent religion in Cambodia.

There are smaller numbers of other faiths including Islam, Christianity, Animism, Hinduism, Folk religions, and other beliefs.

Almost all of the population follow Theravada Buddhism, Cambodian Buddhism is deeply influenced by Hinduism and native animism.

Mahayana Buddhism is the religion of the majority of Chinese and Vietnamese in Cambodia.


Riel (KHR).