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Updated: Sep 18, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Brunei

Country Name

Brunei, or officially the Nation of Brunei.


Brunei is a country located in Southeastern Asia. Brunei is bordered by the South China Sea and Malaysia to the south, east, and west.


Bandar Seri Begawan.

Reason Of Naming

According to local historiography, Brunei was founded by Awang Alak Betatar, later to be Sultan Muhammad Shah. He moved from Garang in the Temburong District to the Brunei River bay, discovering Brunei. According to legend, upon landing he exclaimed, Baru nah (loosely translated as "that's it!" or "there"), from which the name "Brunei" was derived. He was the first Muslim ruler of Brunei. Before the rise of the Bruneian Empire under the Muslim Bolkiah Dynasty, Brunei is believed to have been under Buddhist rulers.


The flag of Brunei was adopted on 29 September 1959. The flag of Brunei is composed of a yellow background, black and white diagonal stripes, and a national emblem in the center of the flag.

The national emblem consists of a red crescent at the bottom, two gloves

turned to the sky at the sides and an umbrella on the top.

The yellow color represents the Sultan of Brunei, the diagonal stripes has been added in 1906 when Brunei became a British colony.

The crescent is a traditional symbol of Islam and the umbrella stands for monarchy and royal dignity. Wings with four feathers adorning the umbrella are supposed to guard integrity and peace.