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Updated: Oct 3, 2022

Home> Countries> South America> Brazil

Country Name

Brazil or officially the Federal Republic of Brazil.


Brazil is located on the continent of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana (one of the French Overseas Territories and Territories) to the north;

Colombia to the northwest, Bolivia, Peru to the west; Argentina, and Paraguay to the southwest.

Bordered by all the countries of South America except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47% of the continent of South America.


The city of Brasilia is now the federal capital of Brazil.

The first is Rio de Janeiro where the city of Rio de Janeiro has remained the capital Of the State of Brazil for more than (125) years, before being changed to the City of Brasilia.

Reason for Naming the country

In the era of the Portuguese empires, it was known that the name was linked to a tree (Bau Brazil) in Arabic. Brazilwood A tree species that grows in Brazil and tends to be red was exported to Europe for the manufacture of paint. In 1967, under the military rule of the government, the name was changed to the Federal Republic of Brazil and the name is used to this day.


The flag of Brazil was adopted on November 19, 1889 (which contains 21 stars).

The current flag was adopted on May 11, 1992 (which contains 27 stars).

The Brazilian flag is composed of a green background with a large yellow diamond in the middle.

On top is a blue circle with 27 small white five-pointed stars along with a white stripe that says "ORDEM E PROGRESSO" or “Order and Progress” in green.

The green color represents the House of Braganza of Pedro I, who was the first emperor of the nation.