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Updated: Oct 3, 2022

Home> Countries> South America> Bolivia

Country Name

Bolivia or officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia.


It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay,

to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and the northwest by



Sucre (constitutional capital)

La Paz (administrative capital).

Reason for Naming the country

The name Bolivia comes from the Venezuelan military and political leader Simon Bolivar who led Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia to independence from Spain in 1825. He was also officially the first president of Bolivia.


The Bolivian flag was adopted on October 31, 1851.

Bolivia declared its independence from Spain on August 17, 1825.

The Bolivian flag is composed of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and green and has the national coat of arms in the middle of the yellow band.

The red represents the bravery and bloodshed of the heroes and the soldiers

throughout history, yellow represents the mineral deposits and natural resources found within the nation, while green is a symbol of the lush landscape and fertility.

* Flag Facts:

- Sometimes, a variant flag is used as the civil flag, which is the horizontal tricolor but without the coat of arms.

- Even though the nation is landlocked, it has a naval ensign that is used on rivers and lakes.

- The nickname of Bolivia’s flag is “La Tricolor,” or “The Tricolor.”

- The flag of Bolivia is similar to the flag of Ghana both are composed of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and green, and both of them have a symbol in the middle of the flag.


Spanish is the main and official language in the State of Bolivia.

There is linguistic diversity in Bolivia as a result of its multiculturalism. The Constitution of Bolivia is officially recognized in 37 languages as well as Spanish since it includes many different European, American, and Japanese nationalities, as well as English as the most unified language in the world.

The population also speaks Hindi because it is the most populous nation in Bolivia.

The main indigenous languages are Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani.


Bolivia is a secular country according to the Bolivian constitutional referendum.

In the past, Roman Catholicism has been recognized as a religion of the state. The Bolivian Constitution provides for religious freedom and the government has no record of repressing other religions.

There are also followers of the Jewish, Islamic, Buddhist, and Baha'i faiths, as Bolivia has recorded a great number of atheists.



Time Zone

-04:00 GMT.

Government Regime

Republican presidential.


In Bolivia, there are different types of climate depending on the area and altitude.

In plains and lowlands, the climate is equatorial in the far north and tropical in the center-south, while in the plateau and the Andean mountain peaks, it's colder and generally quite dry.

Bolivia lies in the Southern Hemisphere, so its seasons are reversed in comparison with the Northern Hemisphere.

Bolivia's climate is completely different from one region to another, from the tropical regions of Eastern Yanos to the polar climate of the Andes.

Summer is hot, humid in the east, and dry in the west.

The best time to visit Bolivia in its entirety runs from June to mid-August: even though it's the coldest period at high altitudes, it's also the least hot at low altitudes, and above all, it's the driest and sunniest throughout the country.

International Phone Code


Internet Code


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أشهر الأكلات في بوليفيا

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نبذة عن بوليفيا

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عادات و ثقافة بوليفيا

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