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Updated: Oct 3, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Bahrain

Country Name

Bahrain or the Kingdom of Bahrain.


Bahrain is an island country in Western Asia. It is situated on the Persian Gulf and comprises a small archipelago made up of 50 natural islands and an additional 33 artificial islands, Bahrain is situated between Qatar and the northeastern coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the King Fahd Causeway.



Reason Of Naming

Bahrain is made up of 33 islands, the largest island in Bahrain. The name of this island is due to the presence of freshwater springs in the saltwater. Because this island is the largest, it takes the name of the country.

The name "Bahrain" refers to the fact that the country contains two sources of water which are the eyes of sweet water and saltwater in the surrounding seas.

It had several names before it was called Bahrain. In the Greek era, it was known as Tylos. It was also known as Delmon. and before Islam, it was known as Awal (an idol form of bullhead, located on the current island of Muharraq,) and was worshiped by the people of that region.


Bahrain officially adopted its flag on February 14, 2002. Bahrain’s flag is officially known as the National Flag of Bahrain. The flag consists of two vertical stripes of White & Red colors, which are separated by a zigzag line consisting of five triangles. ​The Red color refers to battles, and the White refers to peace. The five triangles represent the number of five pillars of Islam.

*Flag Facts:

-The flag of Bahrain is very similar to the flag of Qatar, the Flag of Bahrain has a red color instead of maroon. Qatar's flag is the only national flag having a width of more than twice its height.


Like most Arabic-speaking countries, the official language of Bahrain is Arabic. Most government communications are in Arabic, while some documents are translated into English when the targeted audience is non-Arabic speakers.

The English language is the de facto national working and primary business language. It is a compulsory second language in most schools in Bahrain. Also, several newspapers are issued in English, as well as several TV channels and radio broadcasts. Commercial road signs all over the country are bilingual, displayed both in English and Arabic.

The Persian language is still actively used by mainly the Persian immigrants who have a long history in Bahrain. It is a Western Iranian language with three modern varieties spoken in the country: western Persian, Dari, and Tajik.


Bahrain is an Islamic state, making Islam its official religion. Muslims in Bahrain make up the majority of the population, accounting for 89.2% of the total population. Christians make up 9% of the population, while 9.8% of the population embraces other religions.


Bahraini Dinar BHD.