Updated: Oct 3, 2022
Australia, or formally Commonwealth of Australia.
Located in the southern hemisphere, surrounded by the West and the South by The Indian Ocean, and from the East by the Pacific Ocean. It is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas, with the Coral Sea lying off the Queensland coast and the Tasman Sea lying between Australia and New Zealand, and it is separated also from Antarctica by the Antarctic Ocean.
Australia shares maritime borders with East Timor, Indonesia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and New Caledonia (France).
Reason for Naming
The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis "southern land", a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 The explorer Matthew Flinders named the land Terra Australis, which was later abbreviated to the current form.