Updated: Sep 22
Algeria or The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria.
Algeria is located in the northwest of the African continent, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea from the north. Algeria is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Morocco, and Western Sahara, to the west, Mauritania, Mali, and Niger to the south, and Libya and Tunisia to the east.
Algeria is the largest country in the continent of Africa.
Reason for Naming the country
In past Algeria was known as Numidia. Then it was called in the era of the Phoenicians "Akuzim" and continued until then ruled by King "Belkin bin Ziri", where he expanded the city and the construction of an expanded scheme and worked on its implementation, and changed its name to "Algeria Beni Mazgneh" because of the spread of small islands around their city,
The Arabs after opening it called it "Middle Morocco" to distinguish it from Far Morocco - Morocco currently - and Africa - present Tunisia.
In the Ottoman era, the whole country was named as its capital"Algeria". Which was acquired from four small islands that were located along the city's coast and known as Algeria's Beni Mazgene the city was then abbreviated in Algeria only
The flag of Algeria was adopted on 3 July 1962. The Algerian flag is half green on the left side and half white on the right side with a crescent moon and star in the center.
The flag of Algeria features two vertical bands with a red star and a red crescent moon centered directly over the two bands. The crescent moon, five-pointed star, and the color green used on the flag are all symbols of Islam, which is the official religion of Algeria.
Algeria has Two official languages and one national language.
The Official Language is Arabic and the National Language is Amazigh or Tamazight (Berber).
French is widely spoken in the country's large cities in combination with Algerian Arabic. The majority of Algeria's population understands French, and it is widely used in schools, government, and media.
English is also taught in Algerian schools, and there have been calls to replace French in the education curriculum with English since the latter is the ‘language of science.’
The dominant religion in Algeria is Islam, with around 99% of the population being followers of the faith. The vast majority of them follow Sunni Islam.
There are only around 100,000 Christians, most of whom are Protestants, and approximately 2,000 Jews living in Algeria.
Algerian dinar (DZD).
The Mediterranean climate prevails north of Algeria, where winter is relatively mild and rainy, while rainfall in the plateaus is less than in the north, and its winter is very cold, may reach less than zero, while its summer is dry and hot. The desert climate prevails in the southern regions of the country where Heat in summer is above 50 ° C, seasonal rain falls in the winter.