Updated: Sep 18
Peru, or officially the Republic of Peru.
Peru is located in western South America.
Reason for Naming the country
Since the Conquest, historians have proposed or supported many etymological hypotheses. According to one of these hypotheses, the country's name may be derived from Bir, the name of a local monarch who resided near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama City, in the early 16th century.
When Spanish explorers reached their estates in 1522, they were the southernmost area of the New World known to Europeans.
As a result, when Francisco Pizarro explored the territories further south, they were known asBirú or Perú
The government of Peru adopted the flag of Peru on 25 February 1824 and modified it on 31 March 1950. The Peruvian flag is made up of three vertical stripes of red and white, with the Peruvian National Coat of Arms in the center of the white stripe.
The Red represents the blood that was spilled in the fight. White represents Purity and Peace. Peru also has a state flag that incorporates the shield from the national coat of arms in the middle of the flag. There is also another flag used in the nation that does not include the coat of arms.
- The flag of Peru is similar to the flag of Canada. - The Peruvian flag is also known as the Bicolor Banner and the National Ensign.
- Flag Day is celebrated every June 7 this is the anniversary of the Battle of Arica.
Peru has many languages used, about 50 different and popular languages are spoken, and there are 72 dialects are considered.
The majority of these languages are indigenous, but the most common language is Spanish, which is considered the main language of the population speaks.
Spanish is followed by the country's indigenous languages, especially all types of Quechua and Aymara as well as the languages of the Amazon and the Peruvian Sign Language.
In urban areas of the country, especially the coastal region, most people are monolingual and only speak Spanish, while in many rural areas of the country, especially in the Amazon, multilingual populations are prevalent.
Peru’s constitution provides for freedom of religion.
More than four-fifths of Peruvians are Roman Catholic; Protestants, other Christians, and followers of traditional beliefs form small religious minorities.
Unitary presidential republic.