Updated: Sep 18, 2022
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Peru, or officially the Republic of Peru.
Peru is located in western South America.
It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil,
in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean.
Reason for Naming the country
Since the Conquest, historians have proposed or supported many etymological hypotheses. According to one of these hypotheses, the country's name may be derived from Bir, the name of a local monarch who resided near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama City, in the early 16th century.
When Spanish explorers reached their estates in 1522, they were the southernmost area of the New World known to Europeans.
As a result, when Francisco Pizarro explored the territories further south, they were known asBirú or Perú