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Updated: Oct 1, 2022

Home> Countries> Asia> Iran

Country Name

Iran, or officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and also called Persia.


Iran is located in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and the west by Turkey and Iraq.



Reason Of Naming

The name Iran is derived straight from Middle Persian "Ērān," which is acknowledged as a derivation of Proto-Indo-European "ar-yo," which means "the one who skillfully assembles."

The West has historically referred to Iran as Persia, owing mostly to the writings of Greek historians who referred to all of Iran as Perss, meaning "the country of the Persians," whereas Persis was one of the provinces of ancient Iran that is now designated as Fars.

According to Iranian mythology, the country's name is derived from "Iraj," a mythical prince and monarch who was assassinated by his siblings.


The Origin flag of Iran was adopted on 7 October 1907, and the Current Flag was adopted on 29 July 1980. The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of, green, white, and red colors.

The green stands for Islam, the white color represents hope and peace,

and the red represents courage in battles.

the National Emblem* in red centered on the white stripe and the Takbir "Allah is the greatest" written in the Kufic script in white, repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green stripe and 11 times along the top edge of the red stripe, for a total of 22 times on the fringe of the stripes.

*The National emblem is a red tulip that is composed of five parts, which represent the 5 pillars of Islam.


The Persian language, also known as Farsi, belongs to the Indo-European language family and is part of the Indo-Iranian subgroup, the language is used for formal government communications and by public school systems.

As Iran is a multicultural and multilinguistic country, several other languages can be heard in the county, including Turkish languages and dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Luri, Arabic, and Balochi.

One of the most commonly spoken Turkic languages in Iran is Azerbaijani, The Kurdish language is spoken by the Kurds.

In addition to the widely spoken languages of the country, Iran also has several minority languages. These minority tongues include Circassian, Hebrew, Armenian, Assyrian, and Georgian.