Updated: Oct 1, 2022
Fiji or officially the Republic of Fiji.
Is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean. Its closest neighbors are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand to the southeast, Tonga to the east, Samoa, and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north. Fiji is an archipelago of more than 333 islands and more than 500 islets, of which only 100 are inhabited.
Reason For Naming
Fijians first impressed themselves on European consciousness through the writings of the members of the expeditions of Cook who met them in Tonga. They were described as formidable warriors and ferocious cannibals, builders of the finest vessels in the Pacific, but not great sailors. They inspired awe amongst the Tongans, and all their Manufactures, especially bark cloth and clubs, were highly valued and much in demand. They called their home Viti, but the Tongans called it Fisi, and it was by this foreign pronunciation, Fiji, first promulgated by Captain James Cook, that these islands are now known.
The flag of Fiji was adopted on 10 October 1970. The flag of Fiji consists of a bright blue background with the Union Jack (flag of the UK) on the upper side and the Fijian shield centered on the other half of the flag.
The bright Blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, The Union Jack reflects the country's links with the United Kingdom, The shield is derived from the country's coat of arms, The yellow lion symbolizes strength and courage,
Stalks of sugarcane, palm tree, and bananas represent Fiji's agricultural and natural resources, White dove stands for purity and peace.
English is the official language of Fiji, although the whole population speaks either Fijian or Fiji Hindi.
The official religion of the country is Christianity. Religion is one of the major differences between the indigenous Fijians and the Indian Fijians, where the majority of the indigenous Fijians belong to the Christian religion, while the Indian Fijians are Hindus. There are also some Sikh, Muslim, and other religions and a small percentage of atheists.