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Updated: Oct 2, 2022

Home> Countries> Africa> Chad

Country Name

Chad, and officially known as the Republic of Chad.


Chad is a landlocked country in North- Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the southwest, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.



Reason for naming the country

Lake Chad gave its name to the country of Chad. The name Chad is derived from the Kanuri word “Sádǝ” meaning "large expanse of water".


The flag of Chad was adopted on November 6, 1959.

It was inspired by the French Tricolore flag and the pan-African colors.

The flag consists of three equal vertical stripes - the left stripe is blue, the middle stripe is yellow and the right stripe is red.

The blue stripe represents the sky, hope, agriculture, and the waters in the south of Chad.

The yellow stripe symbolizes the sun and the desert in the north of Chad.

The red stripe stands for progress, unity, and sacrifice.

Flag Fact:

- The flag is also very similar to the flag of Romania, except that the shades

of blue are different. Chad asked the United Nations to look into the issue

back in 2004, but no changes were made.

- The flags of Chad, Romania, Andorra, and Moldova all share a very similar color scheme of blue, yellow, and red in the design.

- The difference between the four flags is that the two flags of Moldova and Andorra feature their coat of arms in the middle of the yellow stripe.


Chad's official languages are Arabic and French, but over 100 languages and dialects are spoken.

Due to the important role played by itinerant Arab traders and settled merchants in local communities, Chadian Arabic has become a lingua franca.