Poland, officially the Republic of Poland
Poland is a country located in Central Europe.
Reason For Naming the country
The origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans (Polanie), who inhabited the Warta river basin of the present-day Greater Poland region starting in the mid-6th century.
The origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the Proto-Slavic word pole (field).
In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian, and Turkish, the country's name is derived from the Lendians (Lędzianie or Lachy), who dwelled on the southeasternmost edge of present-day Lesser Poland, in the Cherven Grods between the 7th and 11th centuries — lands which were part of the territorial domain ruled over by the Polans. Their name derives from the Old Polish word lęda (open land or plain).
The flag of Poland was adopted on August 1, 1919.
The current flag was adopted on 31 January 1980.
The flag has a basic design, featuring just two horizontal strips, each of equal
width, with white and red colors.
These colors were taken from the coats of arms of the nations of the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. These colors were taken from the coats of
arms of the nations of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The white color represents peace and hope for all citizens while
the red color represents the many struggles for freedom over the centuries.
Poland is widely a religious country and has instituted the right to freedom of religion.
The largest religion in Poland is Roman Catholicism, which is followed by other Christian denominations as well as a growing trend of Agnosticism and Atheism.
Roman Catholics make up the majority of Poland's population. The origin of Christianity in Poland can be traced back to as early as 966 AD, under the ruler Mieszko I.
Nearly 90% of people in Poland belong to the Catholic Church.
Contemporary religious minorities include Christian Orthodox, Protestants including Lutherans of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church, Pentecostals in the Pentecostal Church in Poland, Adventists in the Seventh-day Adventist Church and other smaller Evangelical denominations, Jehovah's Witnesses, Eastern Catholics, Mariavites, Jews, Muslims, and neopagans, some of whom are members of the Native Polish Church.
Polish is the only official and predominant spoken language in Poland, but it is also used throughout the world by Polish minorities in other countries as well as being one of the official languages of the European Union.
Languages having officially recognized minority languages in Poland: Kashubian; German; Belarusian; Ukrainian; Romany; Russian; Lithuanian; Armenian; Hungarian; Slovak; Czech, Yiddish, Hebrew, Karaim, and Tartar.
Languages having the status of ethnic minority's language are Karaim, Lemko-Rusyn, Tatar, and two Romani languages; Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma.
Polish złoty (PLN)
+02:00 GMT. (Summer Time)
Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic.
The climate in Poland is continental, with very cold winters, often below freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), and warm summers. The climate is milder along the northern coast, overlooking the Baltic Sea, while it becomes progressively more continental going to the south, where the distance from the sea is greater.
Winter, from December to February, is cold throughout the country. The average temperatures in January are around freezing along the Baltic coast, and progressively decreases towards the south and the east: it ranges from about 0 °C (32 °F) in the north-western area to -3 °C (26.5 °F) in the easternmost area, on the border with Belarus and Lithuania, while it's around -2 °C (28.5 °F) in the southern area.
The weather during winter can have different characteristics: usually, the sky is gray, the temperature is around freezing or a few degrees below, and light snowfalls, but when cold air masses from Russia reach the country, the temperature decreases by many degrees, and drops below -20 °C (-4 °F).
The coldest records are around -25/-30 °C (-13/-22 °F) in the interior, and therefore in much of Poland, while they are around -18/-20 °C (0/-4 °F) along the northern coast.
Spring, from March to May, is initially cold, and in early April, there can be late cold waves with snow showers. In April and early May, cold days alternate with the first warm days, while by mid-May, the temperature becomes steadily pleasant, with highs around 15/20 °C (59/68 °F) and sometimes above.
Summer, from June to August, is mild or pleasantly warm: the average daily temperatures are around 17/19 °C (63/66 °F). The Baltic coast, which during winter was the mildest zone, becomes the coolest in summer: here, highs in July and August are around 20/21 °C (68/70 °F), while they gradually increase towards the south, reaching 23/24 °C (73/75 °F) in the center and south of the country.
Summer in Poland is the rainiest season. This is due to the fact that Atlantic disturbances can arrive even in this season, in addition, thunderstorms in the afternoon may occur, more frequently in inland areas.
In July, it rains on average for 10 days on the north coast, 11 days in Warsaw, and 12 in the south. However, there is a moderate amount of sunny days, which may be hot, especially when warm currents arrive from the south-east: in these cases, the temperature can reach 30/35 °C (86/95 °F).
In autumn, from September to November, the temperatures decrease rapidly, but the first half of September is still pleasant. Afterward, the weather becomes cold and dull.
The best time to visit Poland is summer, from June to August, however, you can generally go in the warm season, from mid-May to mid-September. The temperatures are usually cool at night and mild or pleasantly warm during the day, however, there can be cool and rainy days, but also hot and sunny days.
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