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Philippines

Country Name

Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines.

Location

The Philippines is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on

the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and 

Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to

the northwest.

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The reason for naming the country

Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar, "Felipinas" after Philip II of Spain, then the Prince of Asturias. Eventually the name "Las Islas Filipinas" would be used to cover the archipelago's Spanish possessions.

 Before Spanish rule was established, other names such as Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan's name for the islands, San Lázaro, were also used by the Spanish to refer to islands in the region

Capital 

Manila.

Flag

The first use of the current flag design was in 1898. 

The current flag was adopted on February 12, 1998.

The flag consists of a horizontal bicolor of blue and red with

a white equilateral triangle based at the hoist containing

three, five-pointed gold stars at its points,

and an eight-rayed gold sun at its center.

The blue color represents peace, truth, and justice

The red color represents loyalty and bravery

the white color represents liberty, equality, and fraternity

the three yellow stars and sun represents the three main divisions of the country - Luzon, Mindanao and Visayas.

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Religion

The major religion in the Philippines is Roman Catholic Christianity,

Protestant Christianity is the second-largest religious group in the Philippines.

Islam is the third-largest religion in the Philippines after Catholicism and Christianity.

Other minor religions in the country include Hinduism, Judaism, the Baha'i Faith, Indigenous Beliefs, Other Christians, and Atheists.

Language 

186 individual languages in the Philippines, 182 of which are living languages, while 4 no longer have any known speakers.

Filipino and English are the official languages of the country.

Filipino is a standardized version of Tagalog, spoken mainly in Metro Manila. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business, with third local languages, often being used at the same time.

The Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and Arabic on an optional basis.

Spanish, which was widely used as a lingua franca in the late nineteenth century, has since declined greatly in use, although Spanish loanwords are still present today in Philippine languages, while Arabic is mainly taught in Islamic schools in Mindanao.

Currency

Philippine peso (₱) (PHP)

Time Zone

+08:00 GMT. 

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Government Regime

Unitary presidential constitutional republic.

Climate

In the Philippines, the climate is generally tropical maritime, with a relatively cool season from December to February, when the north-east trade winds prevail, and a hot, humid and rainy season from May to November, when the south-west monsoon prevails.

Between March and May, before the arrival of the summer monsoon, the temperature increases and reaches the highest levels of the year, especially in the center-north and in the interior of the larger islands: hence, in general the coolest month (or the least hot) is January, while the warmest is May.
In the north, cool air masses can sometimes arrive from December to March, so much so that at night the temperature can drop to around 12/15 °C (54/59 °F). On the southernmost islands, close to the Equator, temperatures are more stable, and remain high all year round.

Relative humidity in the Philippines is almost always high as well, and makes the heat muggy, at least in the lowlands.

During winter, the northeast trade winds release large amounts of moisture as rain on the exposed coasts and slopes. This, in general, rarely happens on the inner islands, which are more sheltered, and even less along the western slopes, where winter is a dry season.
The tropical rains typically occur in the form of downpours or thunderstorms in the afternoon, except during tropical storms and typhoons, which can last for a few days and are accompanied by strong winds.

International Phone Code

+63

Internet Code

.ph

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