Panama or officially the Republic of Panama.
Panama is a transcontinental country in Central America
and South America.
Reason for naming the country
The definite origin of the name Panama is unknown.
There are several theories. One states that the country was named after a commonly found species of tree (the Panama tree).
Another states that the first settlers arrived in Panama in August when butterflies are abundant and that the name means "many butterflies" in one or several of indigenous Amerindian languages that were spoken in the territory prior to Spanish colonization. The most scientifically corroborated theory by Panamanian linguists, states that the word is a hispanicization of Kuna language word "bannaba" which means "distant" or "far away".
The current Panamanian flag was adopted on December 20, 1903.
The flag of Panama is sectioned into four quarters.
The top left and bottom right quarters are white. The top right section is red and the bottom left is blue.
In the top left white section, there is a blue, five-point star and in the bottom right white section, there is a red, five-point star.
The Red and Blue colors represent the two political parties of Panama,
the Liberals (red) and the Conservatives (blue).
The white represents peace between them and the equal division of
the colors states that they both govern the country at different times.
The Panamanian flag colors also have alternative meanings.
The blue represents the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and
Red stands for the blood spilled for Panama's independence.
The blue star represents the civic virtues of purity and honesty and the red star symbolizes the authority of the law. Together they represent loyalty and resilience.
Spanish is the official and dominant language. The Spanish spoken in Panama is known as Panamanian Spanish.
The Spanish used in Panama differs from the one used in Spain.
Also, about 14 % of Panamanians speak English; Native languages, such as Ngäbere, are spoken throughout the country, mostly in their native territories.
Although Panama’s government does not gather statistics on the basis of the population’s religious affiliations, but Roman Catholicism is the religion of the majority in Panama.
Almost the entire remaining population are Protestant Christians.
A small number of followers of other faiths like the Bahá'í Faith, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and other Christian denominations also inhabit Panama. Indigenous religions like the Mamatata and Ibeorgun are practiced by the Kuna peoples and the Nogbes, respectively.
United States dollar (USD)
Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
In Panama, the climate is tropical, hot all year round.
The main difference is found in the rains, which are determined by the seasonal shift of the sun, which in turn determines the prevailing currents.
From May to November, the south-west currents predominate, which brings abundant rainfall especially on the southern side exposed to the Pacific Ocean; however, it rains on the north side as well, so this is the rainy season.
In contrast, from December to April, the northeastern trade winds control, which bring abundant rainfall on the north side overlooking the Caribbean Sea, especially in the first part (December-January), that is to say, when the sea is warmer, while on the south side, beyond the mountain ranges that stretch across the interior of the country like a backbone, this is the dry season.
The rains mostly occur in the form of heavy downpours or thunderstorms usually in the afternoon or evening, but they can continue even in the early hours of the night.
However, there are some variations from one year to the next, which make the weather quite unpredictable, especially on the north side, while on the southern side, the seasons are more defined.
Temperatures vary little throughout the year; however, the coolest months, or rather the least hot, are usually October and November, at the end of the rainy season, although the humidity during this period makes the heat unpleasant.
The hottest months are usually March and April, before the rainy season.
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