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Palau, or officially The Republic of Palau.
It is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean.
It consists of some 340 coral and volcanic islands perched on the Kyushu-Palau Ridge.
The islands share maritime boundaries with Indonesia, the Philippines,
and the Federated States of Micronesia.
Ngerulmud a city in Melekeok state(The old capital).
Reason for naming the country
The name for the islands in the Palauan language, Belau, likely derives from either the Palauan word for "village", beluu, or from aibebelau ("indirect replies"), relating to a creation myth.
The name "Palau" entered the English language from the Spanish Los Palaos.
An archaic name for the islands in English was the "Pelew Islands".
Palau is unrelated to Pulau, which is a Malay word meaning "island" found in a number of place names in the region.
The flag of Palau was adopted on 1 January 1981 after gaining Independence from the United States.
The flag of Palau consists of a blue base with a yellow circle situated towards the left side of the flag.
The blue color represents the political maturity of Palau, and its journey from foreign control (US) to independence.
The yellow circle represents the moon, a sign of national unity and, according to Palauan belief, represents the best time for traditional activities, such as fishing, harvesting, planting, and festivals.
The official languages of Palau are Palauan and English, except in two states (Sonsorol and Hatohobei) where the local languages, Sonsorolese and Tobian, respectively, along with Palauan, are official.
Japanese is spoken by some older Palauans and is an official language in the State of Angaur.
Including second-language speakers, more people speak English than Palauan.
Additionally, a significant portion of the population speaks the Filipino language.
Christianity is the predominant religion in Palau, in particular, Roman Catholicism is the most common Christian denomination in Palau.
The other Christian groups adhere to various Protestant denominations, as Evangelicalism, Seventh Day Adventist, Assembly of God, and Baptism.
There is a minority of the country’s population practice the indigenous monotheistic religion, Modekngei. Islam, Mormonism, and other faiths are practiced.
United States dollar (USD).
Democratic presidential republic.
The climate in Palau is equatorial, that is, hot, humid, and rainy throughout the year.
In fact, there is no real dry season, but only a relative decrease in the frequency of showers and thunderstorms between February and April.
In the capital, Ngerulmud (or Melekeok), the daytime temperature is around 30/31 °C (86/88 °F) all year round, while it's around 23/24 °C (73/75 °F) at night.
The rains are plentiful, the rainiest months are those of summer (June, July, and August).
The amount of sunshine is acceptable from February to May and lessens a bit from June to December when showers occur almost daily. However, the sun almost always shines for a few hours a day, except when a typhoon reaches the islands .
Also, the sea in Palau is warm enough to swim in all year round, and has a very stable temperature,
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