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Norway

Country Name

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway.

Location

Norway is located in northern Europe.

Norway is bordered by the North Sea and the Norwegian Sea, and

Sweden to the east.

Norway.jpg

Capital 

Oslo.

Reason For Naming the country

Norway has two official names: Norge in Bokmål and Noreg in Nynorsk.

The English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", which is how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to scientific agreement about the origin of the Norwegian language name.

 The Anglo-Saxons of Britain also referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land.

Flag

The Flag of Norway was adopted on 13 July 1821.

The flag consists of red with an indigo blue Scandinavian cross border in

white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is

shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark.

The National flag of Norway tricolor of blue, red, and white denotes the

country’s liberty and independence.

The concept was borrowed from the colors of the French, American, and

British flags.

The blue cross represents Norway’s union with Sweden and its past association with Denmark.

The cross is also a symbol associated with Christianity and is common in most Nordic countries.

The cross divides the flag into four parts with the white color bordering the blue cross.

The white and red colors represented the union that Norway had with Denmark.

The Blue color that makes up the cross represents Norway's union with Sweden before they gained autonomy, a symbolism that expresses their love for peace and amicable relations with each other.

The combination of the three colors was something they borrowed from France where the colors represent liberty

norway-flag.jpg

Religion

Christianity is the predominant religion forming about 84.70% of the population, 

the vast majority of the population are members of the Church of Norway and the rest belonged to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Norway.

Islam is the second-largest religion in Norway after Christianity and its various denominations. 

Followed by Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and other religions. Irreligion has continued to become a trend among Norwegians accounting for 10.10% of the population. 

Other minority religions in Norway include the Baha'i Faith, Judaism, Sikhism, Humanism, and life stances among others. Members belonging to the ‘other religions' category accounts for 0.20% of the country's total population which is equivalent to 9,760 individuals.

The 1814 Constitution of Norway did not grant religious freedom clearly stating that Jesuits and Jews were not allowed to enter Norway. Church attendance and adhering to the Evangelical Lutheran Christianity was a must. However, in 1964 the Constitution in Norway was fully amended allowing for the freedom of religion except for the Norwegian royal family whom the Constitution requires to be Lutherans.

Language 

Norwegian and Sámi are the two official languages of Norway.

The North Germanic Norwegian language has two official written forms, Bokmål and  Nynorsk, Both are used in public administration, schools, churches, and media.

Bokmål is the written language used by a large majority of about 80–85%. Around 95% of the population speak Norwegian as their first or native language, although many speak dialects that may differ significantly from the written languages.

All Norwegian dialects are mutually intelligible, although listeners with limited exposure to dialects other than their own may struggle to understand certain phrases and pronunciations in some other dialects.

Sami and Kven are spoken by Norwegians residing in specific regions of the country.

The ethnic Swedes, Finns, Russians, and Romanis of Norway speak their native languages in the country.

English is the most popular foreign language spoken in Norway, which is also the most widely taught foreign language in the schools of the country. Most people in the country, especially those born after World War II, speak English fluently.

Other popular foreign languages spoken in the country are German, Spanish, and French. These languages are taught as second or third languages in the country’s schools. Some schools in the country, mostly in the cities, offer classes in Russian, Latin, Japanese, Italian, and Chinese.

The Minority Languages of Norway; Romani, Norwegian Traveller, Ethnic Swedes, Finns, and Russians living in Norway also speak their mother tongues, as their first language.

Currency

Norwegian krone (NOK).

Norwegian krone.jpg

Time Zone

+02:00 GMT.  (Summer Time)

+01:00 GMT.

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

Norway is a Nordic country, but it is affected by the Gulf Stream, so its climate is not as cold as we might think, especially along the west coast. However, the country is very extended in latitude, and it has a rugged coastline, as well as plateaus and mountain ranges, so there are different climates to be taken into account.

Because of Norway's high latitude, there are large seasonal variations in daylight. From late May to late July, the sun never completely descends beneath the horizon in areas north of the Arctic Circle (hence Norway's description as the "Land of the Midnight sun"), and the rest of the country experiences up to 20 hours of daylight per day. Conversely, from late November to late January, the sun never rises above the horizon in the north, and daylight hours are very short in the rest of the country.


The ocean, whose surface temperature remains a few degrees above freezing even in winter, tempers the winter weather, while it remains cool in summer, so it reduces the annual temperature range along the coast.

On the contrary, in the interior, the influence of the sea is far less evident, and this happens also because in Norway there are almost no plains, so the mountain ranges hinder the penetration of mild currents coming from the sea.

The best time to go to Norway in the summer, from June to August. Temperatures are very cool along the coasts and in mountainous areas, and even cold along the northern coast. In inland areas, in Oslo and along the southern coast, temperatures are generally mild, but a sweater for the evening is still advisable. Sometimes, it can even be a bit hot during the day, while nights remain cool. In Lapland, temperatures are a bit more variable, so it can get hot during the day, but also cold at night.
In Norway, there is a fair amount of rainy days even in summer, especially along the western coast. June is a bit cooler than July and August, but it is almost drier and sunnier, and has longer days, with the white nights in the south and the midnight sun in the north.


 

International Phone Code

+47

Internet Code

.no

Some Facts about Norway

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