Niger, officially the Republic of the Niger.
Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa.
It is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Algeria to the
The reason for naming the country
Niger named after the Niger River which flows through the west of the country; the origin of the river's name is uncertain, though a popular theory is that it comes from the Tuareg n'eghirren, meaning 'flowing water'.
The flag of Niger was adopted on 23 November 1959, a year before
gaining its independence in 1959.
The flag consists of three horizontal stripes in orange, white and green.
In the middle of the white stripe, an orange circle is placed.
The Orange color represents the Sahara Desert in the north,
white represents purity,
green represents hope or Nigerian vegetation in the southern parts of
The orange circle represents the bright sun illuminating the local rivers and landscape.
The three stripes also represent three main regions of the country.
The flag of Niger is similar to the flag of India, both consist of three horizontal bands of color which are orange, white, and green. Both flags also incorporate a circular symbol at the center of the flag. The significant difference between the two flags is that the symbol on the Indian flag features a navy blue Ashoka Chakra at the center whereas the symbol on the flag of Niger features an orange roundel.
French, is the official language.
It is spoken mainly as a second language by people who have received a formal western education and serves as the administrative language.
Niger has ten recognized national languages, namely Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde, Gourmanchéma, Hausa, Kanuri, Zarma & Songhai, Tamasheq, Tassawaq, Tebu. Each is spoken as a first language primarily by the ethnic group with which it is associated.
Although Niger is a secular country, Islam is the most dominant religion, practiced by 99.3% of the population.
The majority of Muslims in Niger are Sunni, then Shi'a, and Ahmadiyya.
The other two main religions of Niger are Christianity, and Animism (traditional indigenous religious beliefs).
West African CFA franc (XOF).
Unitary semi-presidential republic.
In Niger, the climate is desert in the north, semi-desert in the center, and semi-arid of the savanna in the south. In fact, the rains increase from north to south because of the African monsoon, which brings humidity and clouds from the Atlantic Ocean, in the June-September period.
The best time to travel to Niger is in winter, from December to mid-February, when the sun shines in the whole country, the air is dry and the temperature is usually acceptable.
In the south, it can get definitely hot during the day even at this time, but nights remain cool. In the north, it can get cold at night, while generally, the temperature is pleasantly warm during the day. In January, sand storms become more frequent, and in February, the heat begins to increase in the south, heading towards 40 °C (104 °F), so, all in all, the best month is December.
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