The Netherlands , informally Holland.
The Netherlands is located in Northwestern Europe .
It is bordered by Belgium to the south, Germany to the east,
and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the
North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom.
Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Reason for naming the country
The Netherlands means low-lying country;
the name Holland (from Houtland, or wooded Land).
it said the name have been used by the Austrians (who ruled much of the southern part of the Low Countries from 1713 to 1795), by way of contrast to the mountains they knew.
The flag was adopted on 19 February 1937.
The flag of the Netherlands is divided into three horizontal
stripes of equal size.
The flag colors are: red, white and blue.
There was a time that the flag's colors were orange, white and blue,
instead of red, white and blue.
-Blue color represents: the people of the nation and their hard work
- Red color represents power and politics
- White color represents neutrality and acceptance.
The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, which is spoken by the vast majority of the inhabitants.
Besides Dutch, Frisian is recognized as a second official language in the northern province of Friesland
Some regional languages of the Netherlands are officially recognized such as Frisian, English, Papiamento, Dutch Low Saxon, Limburgish
Varieties of Arabic, Turkish, and Berber languages are the most common immigrant languages spoken in the country.
Roman Catholicism is the single largest religion in the Netherlands.
Some other minorities are there, there are Protestant, Islam, Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish and non-religion (50%).
The Dutch are one of the least religious people in the world.
Although religious diversity remains, there has been a decline in religious adherence.
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Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
The climate of the Netherlands is temperate, with gentle winters, cool summers, and rainfall in every season.
Southerly and westerly winds predominate, and the sea moderates the climate through onshore winds and the effect of the Gulf Stream.
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