The Netherlands , informally Holland.
The Netherlands is located in Northwestern Europe.
and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in
The North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom.
Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Reason for naming the country
The Netherlands means low-lying country;
the name Holland (from Houtland, or wooded Land).
It said the name have been used by the Austrians (who ruled much of the southern part of the Low Countries from 1713 to 1795), by way of contrast to the mountains they knew.
The flag was officialy adopted on 19 February 1937.*
The flag was commonly referred to as the prince flag and now It is officially referred to as the Royal Standard of the Netherlands.
The Netherlands' flag is consists of horizontal stripes of red, white, and blue.
The flag of Netherlands is one of the oldest flags in the world.
The colors used in the flag of the Netherlands are based on the coat of arms of Prince William of Orange, who was a leading fighter in the freedom for the Dutch. The main difference is that the red band was originally orange in color. However, the orange dye originally used was quite unstable and would eventually turn red, leading the nation to change the official color to red.
The Blue color represents people of the nation and their hard work
The Red color represents power and politics
The White color represents neutrality and acceptance.
The Dutch flag is almost identical to that of Luxembourg flag, except that it is shorter and its red and blue stripes are a darker shade. The similarity of the two flags has given rise to a national debate to change the flag of Luxembourg, initiated by Michel Wolter in 2006.
*The first flag was designed by the Dutch people; a horizontal tricolor of orange, white, and blue. The flag design was created to show respect to Prince William. It was referred to as the Prinsevlag which meant the prince flag. The flag colors were later changed to red, blue and white following a Royal decree by Queen Wilhelmina on February 19, 1937.
The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, which is spoken by the vast majority of the inhabitants.
Besides Dutch, Frisian is recognized as a second official language in the northern province of Friesland
Some regional languages of the Netherlands are officially recognized such as Frisian, English, Papiamento, Dutch Low Saxon, Limburgish, varieties of Arabic, Turkish, and Berber languages are the most common immigrant languages spoken in the country.
Roman Catholicism is the single largest religion in the Netherlands.
Some other minorities are there, there are Protestant, Islam, Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish and non-religion (50%).
The Dutch are one of the least religious people in the world.
Although religious diversity remains, there has been a decline in religious adherence.
Netherlands has 2 time zones with dependencies
+02:00 GMT (Summer Time)
-04:00 GMT(Aruba & Caribbrean Netherlands).
Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
The climate of the Netherlands is temperate, with gentle winters, cool summers, and rainfall in every season.
Southerly and westerly winds predominate, and the sea moderates the climate through onshore winds and the effect of the Gulf Stream.
The climate of the Netherlands is influenced by the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, so it's cool, cloudy and humid for most of the year.
The wind is another characteristic of the Dutch climate, and blows frequently, especially in autumn and winter, when there may even be storms.
The best time to visit the Netherlands runs from mid-May to mid-September: in this period, the temperature is usually mild or pleasantly warm, the rains are quite frequent, but sometimes, the sun comes out. May and June are a bit cooler than July and August, but at this time, the country is in bloom; in the first half of May, which can still be a bit cold, you can admire expanses of tulips, which bloom between mid-April and mid-May.
In the first half of September, the maximum temperatures are still around 20 °C (68 °F).
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