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Netherlands

Country Name

The Netherlands , informally Holland.

Location

The Netherlands is located in Northwestern Europe .

It is bordered by Belgium  to the south, Germany  to the east,

and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the

North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom.

 Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—BonaireSint Eustatius, and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Capital 

Amsterdam.

Reason for naming the country 

The Netherlands  means low-lying country;

the name Holland (from Houtland, or wooded Land).

it said the name have been used by the Austrians (who ruled much of the southern part of the Low Countries from 1713 to 1795), by way of contrast to the mountains they knew.

Flag

The flag was adopted on 19 February 1937.

The flag of the Netherlands is divided into three horizontal

stripes of equal size.
The flag colors are: red, white and blue.

There was a time that the flag's colors were orange, white and blue,

instead of red, white and blue.

 -Blue color      represents: the people of the nation and their hard work
- Red color        represents power and politics
- White color represents neutrality and acceptance.

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Language 

The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, which is spoken by the vast majority of the inhabitants.

Besides Dutch, Frisian is recognized as a second official language in the northern province of Friesland 

Some regional languages of the Netherlands are officially recognized such as FrisianEnglishPapiamentoDutch Low SaxonLimburgish

Varieties of Arabic, Turkish, and Berber languages are the most common immigrant languages spoken in the country.

Religion

Roman Catholicism is the single largest religion in the Netherlands.

Some other minorities are there, there are Protestant, Islam, Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish and non-religion (50%).

The Dutch are one of the least religious people in the world.

Although religious diversity remains, there has been a decline in religious adherence.

Currency

Euro 

Euro

Time Zone

+02:00 GMT

+01:00 GMT (Daylight-saving Time)

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

The climate of the Netherlands is temperate, with gentle winters, cool summers, and rainfall in every season.

Southerly and westerly winds predominate, and the sea moderates the climate through onshore winds and the effect of the Gulf Stream.

International Phone Code

+31

Internet Code

.nl

Some Facts About The Netherlands
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