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Monaco

Country Name

Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco.

Location

Monaco is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe.

It is bordered by France to the north, east and west, and by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Monaco

Capital 

Monaco.

Reason For Naming the country

​Back in the 6th century BC, Monaco was a colony of Phocaean Greeks, and the Ligurians (the first inhabitants of Monaco) referred to it as Monoikos, which means “single house.” This meaning underlines the importance of independence and self-reliance and determination

Flag

The flag of Monaco was adopted on 4 April 1881.

The flag has two equal horizontal stripes, of red on the top and white on the

bottom.

The flag is a great representation of the Principality of Monaco.

The colors are based on the court of arms of Monaco. In the Shield of the

Grimaldi’s family court of arm, the colors appear as diamond-shaped patterns.

The red and white colors were mainly used as a form of identity by the family.

The red color represents the flesh of the human body while white represents the purity of the soul and spiritual life.

monaco-flag.jpg

Religion

The official religion of Monaco is Roman Catholicism with 93% of Christians in the state identifying with the Catholic Church, Monaco has one cathedral and five parishes of the Catholic Church

The second-largest Christian denomination in the state is Protestants, The Protestant Churches are only two, the Reformed Church and the Anglican Church which is known as St. Paul’s Church.

Almost a few number of the Christian population in Monaco is Anglican, and Orthodox makes up 2.3%, independent 0.3%, and other Christians 0.1%.

There is also one Greek Orthodox Church which is one of the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and their teachings and beliefs are based on those of the Byzantine Empire.

Language 

French is the official language of Monaco. The popularity of the language in the country is a reminder of the great influence of France on the politics and economy of Monaco in the past. French is spoken in every sphere of life in Monaco. It is also the language of government administration, business, education, and media in the country.

There are traditional languages in Monaco as Monégasque and Occitan.

Monégasque is similar to Italian in many aspects and is considered as a dialect of Ligurian, Schools in the country now teach Monégasque and street signs in Monaco use both French and Monégasque.

Occitan is also a traditional language that was spoken by a considerable number of speakers in Monaco but currently is spoken by only a small population in the country.

Italian & English are popular languages that are spoken in the country, Italian was the official language of Monaco between 1815 and 1861 when Monaco served as a protectorate of Sardinia.

Some members of the country’s royal family speak Italian  English. 

Currency

Euro (€) (EUR).

euro

Time Zone

+02:00 GMT.  (Summer Time)

+01:00 GMT.

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

Monaco has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, with strong maritime influences, with some similarities to the oceanic climate and the humid subtropical climate.

As a result, it has warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.

The winters are very mild considering the city's latitude, being as mild as locations located much further south in the Mediterranean Basin.

Cool and rainy delays can interrupt the dry summer season, the average length of which is also shorter. Summer afternoons are infrequently hot indeed, temperatures greater than 30 °C or 86 °F are rare as the atmosphere is temperate because of constant sea breezes.

On the other hand, the nights are very mild, due to the fairly high temperature of the sea in summer.

Generally, temperatures do not drop below 20 °C (68 °F) in this season. In the winter, frosts and snowfalls are extremely rare and generally occur once or twice every ten years. On February 27, 2018, both Monaco and Monte Carlo experienced snowfall.

International Phone Code

+377

Internet Code

.mc

Some Facts about Monaco

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