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Moldova

Country Name

Moldova officially the Republic of Moldova.

Location

Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

It is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south.

moldova.png

Capital 

Chișinău.

Reason For Naming the country

The name Moldova is derived from the Moldova River; the valley of this river served as a political center at the time of the foundation of the Principality of Moldavia in 1359.

The origin of the name of the river remains unclear. According to a legend recounted by Moldavian chroniclers Dimitrie Cantemir and Grigore Ureche, Prince Dragoș named the river after hunting an aurochs: following the chase, the prince's exhausted hound Molda drowned in the river. The dog's name, given to the river, extended to the Principality.

Flag

The flag of Moldova was adopted on 6 November 1990.

The flag consists of a vertical stripes tricolor of blue, yellow

and red; charged with the Coat of Arms centered on the yellow stripes, features a dark golden eagle holding an Orthodox Christian cross in its beak, instead of a sword, the eagle is holding an olive branch, symbolizing peace.

The eagle is borrowed from the old Romanian coat of arms.

The blue color represents liberty,

the yellow color represents justice and

the red color represents fraternity.

The colors are similar to the national colors of Romanians symbolizing common origin.

The blue, red, and yellow tricolor of Moldova is identical to the flag of Romania,

The olive branch on the court of arm represents sovereignty and peace while the blue and red shield on the eagle’s chest is the traditional symbols of Moldova. the auroch head represents the strength, pride, and independence of The Republic of Moldova.

The cross has Christian meaning and is believed to be an Orthodox Christian church cross.

moldova-flag.jpg

Religion

Eastern Orthodox Christian is the vast majority religion in the country.

More than 2.0% of the population is Protestant including a growing number of Jehovah's Witnesses, 0.9% belongs to other religions, 1.0% is non-religious, 0.4% is atheist, and 2.2% did not answer the religion question at the census.

There is a minority of Moldova’s population are Catholic Christians. 

Other denominations of Christianity or other religions with a minor presence in the country include the Baptists, Pentecostals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, Muslims, Hare Krishnas, Lutherans etc.

Language 

The official language of Moldova is Romanian, a Romance language related to Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. The term “Moldovan” is also used to refer to the official language of the country.

Romanian/ Moldovan is taught in schools across the country. 

Several minority languages of Moldova with a significant population of speakers are also assigned an official status. These include: Gagauz, Russian, Ukrainian.

There are also Foreign Languages Spoken In Moldova as English,

English is taught as a foreign language in many schools across the country. It is thus growing in popularity among the Moldovan youth. However, a sound knowledge in advanced English is lacking among the majority in Moldova.

Other foreign languages spoken in Moldova include French, Spanish, Italian, and other European languages. These languages are mostly spoken by Moldovan migrants or expats in Moldova.

Currency

Leu (MDL).

leu.jpg

Time Zone

+03:00 GMT.  (Summer Time)

+02:00 GMT.

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic.

Climate

Moldova has a continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and warm summers.
As Moldova is a small country, the climate is fairly similar, with small differences; sometimes, however, it can snow in the north and not snow in the south.
Winter in Moldova is cold, with an average temperature in January around -1.5 °C (29 °F). Sometimes, mild and moist air masses from the Mediterranean may raise the temperature above freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) and melt the snow, while on other occasions, cold air masses of Arctic or Russian origin can lower the temperature to around -20 °C (-4 °F) or even below. Cold records are around -35 °C (-31 °F) in the north (see Balti, Soroca) and -30 °C (-22 °F) in Chisinau.

Summer in Moldova is warm: in the two warmest months (July and August), the average minimum temperature is around 15/16 °C (59/61 °F) in the north and 16/17 °C (61/63 °F) in the center-south (so, nights are usually pretty cool), while the maximum temperature is around 26 °C (79 °F) in the north and 27/28 °C (81/82 °F) in the south. In the afternoon, thunderstorms can develop, especially in June and July. Therefore, the temperature is normally acceptable, but sometimes, there can be heat waves, with temperatures rising to around 35 °C (95 °F) and above, usually for a few days.
The sun shines quite frequently, in fact, there are about 9/9.5 hours of sunshine per day from June to August.
In summer, floods can sometimes occur (as happened in July 2008 and 2010), mostly because of heavy rains which may occur in the Carpathian region and then swell the Dniester (or Nistru) River, which has its source in that mountain range, in Ukraine.

The two intermediate seasons, spring and autumn, are quite short but pleasant: in May and September, the minimum and maximum temperatures are respectively around 12 °C and 22 °C (53.5 °C and 72 °F). In spring, the first mild or warm days can be followed by sudden drops in temperature, with possible snowfalls, especially in March and early April. In autumn, the first cold days occur in November, and sometimes in late October.

The best time to go to Moldova is from May to September: the temperatures are usually pleasant, with cool nights.

International Phone Code

+373

Internet Code

.md

Some Facts about Moldova

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