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Mexico

Country Name

Mexico or officially the United Mexican States.

Location

 Mexico is a country located in the southern part of North America.

It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by GuatemalaBelize, and

the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.

mexico.jpg

Capital 

Mexico City.

Reason for naming the country 

The Aztecs were principally governed by the inhabitants of Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan (the full name of Mexico City in Nahuatl).

They called themselves Mēxihcah or Tenōchcah and claimed that before settling in the Valley of Mexico they had been known as the Mexihtin.

This ethnonym was derived either from the name of the leader who guided them out of the mythical land of Aztlan, Mecihtli or from Mēxihtli, a title of the tribal god Huitzilopochtli.

On this view, then, Mēxihco means “land of the Mexihtin” or “land of Mēxihtli.”

There are several stories about the origin of the name Mexico.

Part of the word, mexi, is thought to be the name of a war god of the Aztecs, Mexitli.

This god got his name from the word metztli, which meant moon, and xictli, which meant navel.

It is thought that by putting these two words together, the meaning changed to "child of the moon."

Flag

The national flag was officially decreed by Agustín de Iturbide in November 1821 and the first flag officially used in July 1822.

The current national flag was adopted on September 16, 1968

The flag of Mexico is a vertical tricolor of Green, White, and Red with the national coat of arms in the center of the white stripe.

While the meaning of the colors has changed over time, these three colors were adopted by Mexico after independence from Spain during the country's War of Independence,

Today, the meaning of these colors are: 

Green represents hope,

white symbolizes purity and

red stands for the blood of the heroes who fought for independence.

The emblem-shield symbolizes the Aztec heritage.

mexico flag

Language 

There are two Languages spoken in Mexico; Spanish & English.

Most Mexicans are fluent in Spanish and learn English as a second language,

but the Mexican Spanish is different from European Spanish.

In eastern Mexico, Otomi and Totonac are the official languages.

In central Mexico, Nahuatl is the official language while people from southeastern Mexico speak Mayan languages.

Mexico is home to a variety of indigenous languages. There are over 45 groups of indigenous languages, which in turn have 364 dialects. 

Religion

Roman Catholicism as the main religion in Mexico.

Other Christian denominations are also found including Evangelicals, Pentecostals, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses,  Seventh-day Adventists, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

There is also a number of non-Christian religions and Atheists.

Currency

Mexican Peso.

Mexican peso.jpg

Time Zone

Mexico has 4 time zones

-05:00

-06:00

-07:00

-08:00 GMT

Government Regime

Federal presidential constitutional republic

Climate

The climate in Mexico is tropical with a rainy and dry season and little temperature change from season to season.

The temperature in all areas of Mexico typically ranges between 50°F (10°C)  and 90°F (32°C) throughout the year.

The average annual humidity is around 70%.

Mountainous regions and any area above sea level may experience cooler temperatures and lower humidity. 

Mexico receives the most annual rainfall during the rainy season, most regions receive about 40 inches of rain per year.

Within Mexico City, the weather is dry and mild.

Mornings and nights are usually fresh, unlike the afternoons, which are usually warmer.

The average temperature between December and March is around 70°F (21°C), while during the warmer months of March and April thermometers can go up to 90°F (32°C).

International Phone Code

+52

Internet Code

.mx

Some Facts About Mexico
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