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Luxembourg

Country Name

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Location

Luxembourg is a landlocked country in Western Europe.

It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south.

luxembourg

Capital 

Luxembourg City.

Reason For Naming the country

Siegfried I of Ardennes first acquired the territory surrounding the present-day city of Luxembourg in 963 AD by entering a trade agreement with the Abbey of Saint-Maximin. After gaining ownership of the land, Siegfried I approved the construction of Lucilinburhuc, a historic castle known today as the Luxembourg Castle. This name, Lucilinburhuc, is translated into English as “Little Fortress.” Luxembourg City developed around the castle, with the first major addition being the celebration of several altars at the Church of the Redemption. Today, the church is still located in Luxembourg City and is known as St. Michael’s Church. 

Since Lucilinburhuc castle was the oldest establishment in the region, its name was used to refer to the city. The anglicized version of Lucilinburhuc is Luxembourg, meaning that the country and its capital city were named after a 10th-century castle.

Flag

It was first used between 1845 and 1848 and officially adopted in 1993.

The flag of Luxembourg consists of three equal horizontal stripes, redwhite, and light blue.

These colors are the national colors and were first adopted during the 19th century.

It is believed that these colors were derived from the coat of arms of

Luxembourg’s counts, dukes, and grand dukes.
The red color represents power, revolution, courage, and domination

of the people of Luxembourg. 

The white color represents peace, harmony, and innocence of the people.

The blue color represents the determination and perseverance of the

people.

The design of the flag is similar to the national flag of the Netherlands. However, the flag of Luxembourg is identified by its lighter shades of red and blue.

luxembourg-flag.jpg

Religion

Luxembourg is a secular nation. Despite being a secular country, certain religions like  Roman Catholicism, Judaism, Greek Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, Russian Orthodoxy,  Lutheranism,  Calvinism, Mennonitism, and Islam are officially recognized by the state as officially mandated religions.

Since 1980 it has been illegal for the government to collect statistics on religious beliefs or practices

But the majority of the population adheres to Catholic.

The other minority belongs to Protestants, Orthodox Christians, Jews, Muslims, and those of other or no religion.

 According to a 2010 Pew Research Center study, 70.4% are Christian, 2.3% Muslim, 26.8% unaffiliated, and 0.5% other religions.

Language 

The major languages spoken in Luxembourg include Luxembourgish, French, and German. All three are established as official administrative languages of the country, although Luxembourgish* is the national language.

French and German are used widely by major public institutions, including media and police. While German is an official language in Luxembourg, the country is not a member of the Council for German Orthography and was not involved in the drafting of the Germany Orthography Reform in 1996. French is used as the language of legislation in Luxembourg, given the country’s use of the French Napoleonic civil code.

Foreign Languages: Portuguese and Italian, and English.

Luxembourg is a cosmopolitan country and foreign-born workers, tourists, students, and guests make up 40% of the total population. The most common languages spoken by, foreigners include Portuguese, Italian, and English, and native residents of Luxembourg using these foreign languages when they are in establishments frequented by foreigners such as hotels and restaurants.

*Luxembourgish is part of the Indo-European language family and is defined as a West Central Germanic language and part of the High German languages. Luxembourgish is closely related to the German language, and some linguists even claim Luxembourgish is not a distinct language, but rather a standardized form of German-language due to many similar characteristics, including a similar consonant inventory.

Currency

Euro (€) (EUR).

euro.

Time Zone

+02:00 GMT.  (Summer Time)

+01:00 GMT.

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

Luxembourg, has a moderately continental climate, with cold winters and mild summers.

The influence of the Atlantic Ocean is visible, but the altitude, makes it a bit colder than the plains, with more frequent snowfalls in winter.

Winter, from December to February, is cold and dull. The average temperature in January and February is around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) or slightly higher. When Atlantic currents become more intense, there can be mild days, though cloudy and windy. 
Spring, from March to May, is initially cold, and then becomes gradually cool and later mild the maximum temperatures are around 13 °C (56 °F) in April and around 18 °C (64 °F) in May. However, the weather is unstable.
Summer, from June to August, is mild or pleasantly warm, with cool nights and pleasant days: the minimum temperature hovers around 13 °C (56 °F) and the maximum temperature around 23 °C (73 °F). 
In Autumn, from September to November, the weather is often gray, wet, and rainy, especially in the second part, and windy at times.
The best time to visit Luxembourg is from mid-May to mid-September since it is the mildest of the year. In this period, the temperature is generally pleasant and the weather is variable, the sun alternates with cloudy skies, and also with rains and thunderstorms. By the second half of September, the weather starts to be more cool and cloudy, but in this period, forests show the bright colors of autumn.
 

International Phone Code

+352

Internet Code

.lu

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