Libya, officially the State of Libya .
Libya is located in northern Africa.
The reason for naming the country
The Latin name Libya (from Greek Λιβύη: Libyē), referred to the region west of the Nile generally corresponding to the Atlantic Mountains according to Diodorus. Its people were ancestors of the modern Libyans.
The flag of the Kingdom of Libya was adopted when Libya gained full independence in 1951. The flag has changed many times since 1864 till 2011.
The flag consisted of a horizontal tricolor stripes Red- Black- Green with a
white star and crescent in the middle of the flag on the black stripe.
This flag represented Libya from its independence in 1951 until the 1969
Libyan coup d'état.
The crescent is symbolic of the beginning of the lunar month
according to the Muslim calendar, so It brings back to our minds
the story of Hijra [migration] of Prophet Mohammed from his home
in order to spread Islam and teach the principles of right and virtue.
The Star represents hope, and the light of belief in God in the country, dignity and honour which illuminate the way and puts an end to darkness."
Red represents the blood sacrificed for the freedom of Libya,
black represents the dark days that Libyans lived under the occupation of the Italians and
green represent wealth, agriculture, (Libya once being referred to as the 'agricultural basket' or 'breadbasket' of the Ottoman Empire) and the future prosperity of the country.
The official language is Arabic.
The local Libyan Arabic is spoken alongside Modern Standard Arabic. Various Berber languages are also spoken, including Tamasheq, Ghadamis, Nafusi, Suknah and Awjilah.
Amazigh (Berber or Tamazight) language as an official language in the cities and districts inhabited by the Berbers in Libya.
In addition, Italian and English are widely understood in the major cities.
About 97% of the population in Libya are Muslims, most of them adhere Sunni branch.
There are small groups of Christians they adhere Coptic Orthodox Christianity, which is the Christian Church of Egypt, is the largest and most historical Christian denomination in Libya.
N.B: Copts in Libya are Egyptian.
Libya was once the home of one of the oldest Jewish communities in the world, dating back to at least 300 BC.
Libyan dinar (LYD)
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
In Libya, the climate is Mediterranean.
Actually, although the temperatures on the coast are typical of the Mediterranean climate, the rainfall level is very low, semi-desert in Tripolitania and Cirenaica, and even desert in the Gulf of Sidra (or Sirte).
Along the coast, which is the only plain area that receives non-sporadic rains, most of the rainfall occurs from October to early April, with a peak in December and January.
In summer, along the coast, air humidity is high, though sea breezes blow in the afternoon, relieving the heat. The average maximum temperature in summer ranges from 30 °C (86 °F) along the coast, to 35/37 °C (95/99 °F) in the north-central inland area, to 40/41 °C (104/406 °F) in the south.
Throughout the year, but more often in spring and autumn, Libya can be affected by the Ghibli, a hot and dry wind, which is able to raise dust and cause sudden increases in temperature.
From April to October the temperature can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) even on the coast, while in winter it can reach 30 °C (86 °F).
The best time to visit the main northern cities in Libya, you can choose spring and autumn, and in particular, from mid-March to mid-April and from mid-October to mid-November.
If you want to visit the desert areas, you can choose the winter, from December to February, keeping in mind that it can get cold at night.
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