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Lesotho

Country Name

Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho.

Location

Lesotho is located in southern Africa.

Lesotho an enclave in South Africa, so it is bordered by South Africa

to the north, south, east, and west.

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The reason for naming the country 

Lesotho was previously the British Crown Colony of Basutoland, but it declared independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966.

The name Lesotho roughly translates to "the land of the people who speak Sesotho"

Capital 

Maseru.

Flag

The current flag of Lesotho adopted on the 40th anniversary of Lesotho's independence on 4 October 2006.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes blue, white and green;

In the middle of the white stripe, a Basut black hat is located.

The blue represents the sky and rain,

the white represents peace and indicates the country’s internal peace and its peaceful relationship with its sole international neighbor, South Africa.

the green represents prosperity or the fertile land that is Lesotho.

The traditional Basotho hat, the mokorotlo is said to represent the Basotho cultural heritage.

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Language 

The national and official languages of Lesotho are English and Sesotho.

English is generally spoken in government offices and official business. For educational purposes,  Sesotho, also known as Sotho, is the native language of the Basotho ethnic group.

Religion

Christianity is the dominant religion in Lesotho, and is practiced by approximately 90% of the country's population. (Protestant approx. 50% , and Catholics nearly 40%)

The remaining 10% of the population includes adherents from other religions like Islam (Sunnis & Ahmadiyyas), Hinduism, and traditional African religions.

There is a small percentage of population who strictly adhere only to their traditional religion. 

Currency

Lesotho loti (LSL),  &

South African rand (ZAR)

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Time zone​

+02:00 GMT

Government Regime

Unitary presidential constitutional republic.

Climate

In Lesotho, the weather is often unstable, with rapid changes in wind and temperature from day to day. Winter is the driest season, while summer is the rainiest. Being in the Southern Hemisphere, it obviously has reversed seasons in comparison with Northern hemisphere.

Although from November to March is the rainiest season, but it is the best season to visit Lesotho because in any case it's sunny, and at night it's not as cold as the rest of the year. During the day, it can get hot at lower altitudes, but nights remain cool: even in Maseru, it will be useful to bring a sweater for the evening. In this period, however, some mountain roads may be impassable because of the rains.
Spring and autumn are also good for visiting Lesotho, especially in April, September and October, when the temperatures are mild, although there are still considerable differences between night and day; the sun frequently shines, and rainfall is possible but not abundant. Sometimes, however, it can freeze at night even in spring and autumn, and it can snow at high altitudes.

International Phone Code

+266

Internet Code

.ls

Some Facts about Lesotho

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