Lebanon, Or officially known as the Lebanese Republic.
Lebanon is located in Western Asia.
It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Palestine to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea.
Reason for naming the country
The name of Mount Lebanon originates from the Phoenician root lbn (𐤋𐤁𐤍) meaning "white", apparently from its snow-capped peaks.
The flag was adopted in 1943.
The flag of Lebanon is consisting of a white field with two horizontal Red stripes at the top and bottom with a green cedar tree in the center.
The red color symbolize bloodshed for liberation,
the white band represents peace, purity and the snowy mountains,
the green cedar tree is the symbol of Lebanon and represents eternity, holiness, steadiness, happiness, and prosperity and it was mentioned in the bible 77 times.
Arabic is the official national language.
The majority of Lebanese people speak Lebanese Arabic,
English and French languages are also used.
Lebanon has several different main religions.
The main two religions are Islam (Sunni and Shia) and Christianity (the Maronite Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, and the Assyrian Church of the East).
There is also the Druze minority religion, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, Hindus, and Mormons.
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Unitary confessionalist parliamentary republic.
Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool, rainy winters.
January is the coldest month, with temperatures from 5°C to 10°C, and August is the hottest month at 18°C to 38°C.
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