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Laos

Country Name

Laos, officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Location

Laos is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast

Asia.At the heart of the Indochinese peninsula.

 Laos is bordered by Myanmar and China to the northwest, 

Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southeast, and Thailand to the

west and southwest.

laos.jpg

The reason for naming the country

The English word Laos was coined by the French, who united the three Lao kingdoms in French Indochina in 1893 and named the country as the plural of the dominant and most common ethnic group, the Lao people.

 English-speakers often mispronounce the word 'Laos', falsely believing that it should be pronounced with a silent 's', however, the 's' in Laos should not be silent.

 In the Lao language, the country's name is Muang Lao (ເມືອງລາວ) or Pathet Lao (ປະເທດລາວ), both of which literally means 'Lao Country'.

Capital 

Vientiane.

Flag

The national flag of Laos was first adopted on 12 October 1945, 

then readopted on  2 December 1975.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes or red, blue(double height),

and red.

The flag has a white circle in the centre on the blue stripe.

The red color represents the blood shed during the internal struggle for freedom.

The blue color represents wealth, and,

The white circle represent the moon shining over the Mekong River. 

laos-flag.jpg

Religion

Buddhism is the dominant religion in Laos.

64.7% of the country’s population practice Theravada Buddhism.

Christians account for only 1.7% of the population, while the remaining 31.5% of the population practice other faiths including traditional indigenous religions. 

Other minorities in religion are Islam, Jewish, Christianity.

Language 

The official and majority language is Lao, a language of the Tai-Kadai language family.

Languages like Khmu (Austroasiatic) and Hmong (Hmong-Mien) are spoken by minorities, particularly in the midland and highland areas.

French is still commonly used in government and commerce and over a third of Laos's students are educated through the medium of French with French being compulsory for all other students.

Throughout the country, signs are bilingual in Lao and French, with French being predominant. 

English, the language of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), has become increasingly studied in recent years.

Currency

Kip (₭) (LAK)

kip

Time Zone

+07:00 GMT. 

Government Regime

Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic

Climate

Laos has a mostly tropical savanna climate.

The climate of Laos is tropical in most of the plains, while it's subtropical in the far north and in the mountains.

The winter monsoon, which brings good weather from November to February, though a bit cool at night, and the summer monsoon, which brings rainfall and high humidity from May to the beginning or the middle of October.

The period from March to May, before the rains, is the hottest of the year, and it is still dry, but with some thunderstorms in the afternoon; the summer months are less hot, with highs around 30/32 °C (86/90 °F), but with higher humidity.

April is the hottest month, with average highs about 35 °C (95 °F), but with peaks of 40/42 °C (104/108 °F) in the center-south, and up to 45 °C (113 °F) in the north, which experiences greater continentality.

In May, the temperature begins to decrease in the south, while in the north, where the monsoon arrives later, it's still very hot, especially in the first part.

The best time to visit Laos is from November to February since it is the coolest part of the dry season.

International Phone Code

+856

Internet Code

.la

Some Facts about Laos

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