Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country mainly located in Central Asia with a smaller part west of the Ural in Eastern Europe. It is the world's largest landlocked country,
The reason for naming the country
The name "Kazakh" comes from the ancient Turkic word qaz, which means "to wander", reflecting the Kazakhs' nomadic culture. The term "Cossack" is of the same origin.
The Persian suffix -stan means "land" or "place of", so Kazakhstan can be literally translated as "land of the wanderers".
Though the term traditionally referred only to ethnic Kazakhs, including those living in China, Russia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, and other neighboring countries, the term Kazakh is increasingly being used to refer to any inhabitant of Kazakhstan, including non-Kazakhs.
The current flag was adopted on 4 June 1992.
The main feature of the flag is its light blue color.
The center of the flag has a golden sun with 32 rays.
The sun rays are shaped like wheat grain. Flying nearby under
the sun is the soaring golden eagle. The eagle appears to be protecting
The hoist side of the flag consists of a national ornamental pattern.
The pattern is referred to as the “koshkar-muiz” meaning the horn of the ram. The ornamental pattern is also gold in color.
The light blue color represents the endless sky and water, it also represents the cultural and ethnic unity of the people of Kazakhstan such as the Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Uyghurs, Tatars, and Russian and Mongol people.
The light blue color is also a symbol of peace and the indivisibility of Kazakhstan as a country. The color of the sky also implies purity, honesty, integrity, freedom, fidelity, and infinity. The blue color is also a religious symbol of the Turkic people.
The golden color represents life and energy,
The sun symbolizes time and progress besides wealth and plenitude.
The wheat ray area is a symbol of abundance and prosperity.
The golden eagle symbolizes the state’s power and its astuteness. It’s also a symbol of the state’s sovereignty and independence. The eagle also represents independence, freedom, and the Kazakhstan people's flight to the future.
Islam is the highest religion in the country, followed by Christianity and other minority religions.
Islam is practiced by up to 70.2% of the entire country’s population. The Sunni Islams are the dominant group, but Shia Muslims and the Ahmadi can also be found.
Christianity is the second largest religion in Kazakhstan, with 26.3% of the total population practicing it. Most Christians in Kazakhstan are Eastern Orthodox, and to a lesser extent, Roman Catholic.
Other minoriy religions that are practised in the country are; Irreligion, Protestant Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Baha'i Faith, and Other Beliefs
Another minority religion practiced in Kazakhstan includes neo-Paganism, Tengrism, Shamanism, Animism, and other Folk Beliefs.
Kazakhstan is officially a bilingual nation.
Kazakh and Russian are, spoken widely in the country, Kazakh is a part of the Kipchak family of Turkish languages has the status of "state" language, whereas Russian, which is spoken by most Kazakhs, is declared an "official" language and is used routinely in business, government, and inter-ethnic communication, although Kazakh is slowly replacing it.
Education across Kazakhstan is conducted in either Kazakh, Russian, or both.
Other minority languages spoken in Kazakhstan include Uzbek, Ukrainian, Uyghur, Kyrgyz, and Tatar.
English, as well as Turkish, have gained popularity among younger people since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Tenge (₸) (KZT).
Kazakhstan has 2 time zones;
+05:00 GMT. (West areas)
+06:00 GMT. (East Areas)
Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic.
Kazakhstan has an "extreme" continental climate, with warm summers and very cold winters. Indeed, Nursultan is the second coldest capital city in the world after Ulaanbaatar.
Rainfall varies between arid and semi-arid conditions, the winter being particularly dry.
There are no obstacles that could protect the country from cold air masses of polar or Siberian origin, while in summer, hot winds from the Iranian deserts can blow. In addition, because of the huge distance from the oceans, the Asian continent cools down a lot in winter and heats up in summer, so, both the highest and the lowest records are noticeable.
In the north, the temperature can reach -50 °C (-58 °F) in winter and 40 °C (104 °F) in summer, while in the south, it can go from -35 °C (-31 °F) in winter to 45 °C (113 °F) in summer. The clash between different air masses can give rise to strong winds and dust storms, especially in spring and in the south, while in winter, the northern wind can cause snow storms
Snow is quite common in the long winter months, but it's often light and not abundant. There are approximately a hundred days with snowfall each year on the plains of the far north, about 60 days in the central region, and about 20 days in the southernmost part.
The mildest area in winter is the south-west, along the coasts of the Caspian Sea: here, the average temperature in January is -6 °C (21 °F) on the northern coast, it reaches 0 °C (32 °F) on the east coast, and slightly exceeds 0 °C (32 °F) near the border with Turkmenistan.
There is also a small portion in the south-central part of the country, near the border with Uzbekistan, where the average in January is around freezing as well.
In general, at a given latitude, the winter temperature decreases as you proceed towards the east.
Since there is no month that can be safe from either the cold or the heat, it's hard to find the best time to visit Kazakhstan. In the north and in Astana, in summer, from June to August, the average temperature is pleasantly warm, but you cannot rule out a few heat waves with peaks around 40 °C (104 °F). In the central and southern areas, where the heat is more common in summer, and it's scorching often enough, you may prefer spring and autumn, in particular, from mid-April to mid-May, and the second half of September. Around mid-April and mid-September, you can usually find acceptable weather conditions throughout the country.
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