Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Jordan is an Arab country located in Western Asia,
on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east,
Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, and Israel and Palestine to
The Dead Sea is located along its western borders.
The reason for naming the country
Jordan takes its name from the Jordan River which forms much of the country's northwestern border. While several theories for the origin of the river's name have been proposed, it is most believable that it derives from the Semitic word Yarad, meaning "the descender", reflecting the river's inclination.
Much of the area that makes up modern Jordan was historically called Transjordan, meaning "across the Jordan", used to mean the lands east of the river. The Old Testament refers to the area as "the other side of the Jordan".
Early Arab chronicles referred to the river as Al-Urdunn, corresponding to the Semitic Yarden.
The flag of Jordan, officially adopted on 16 April 1928.
The flag consists of horizontal black, white, and green stripes that are connected by a red chevron.
The colors stand are the Pan-Arab Colors,
the black color represents the Abbasid, the white color represents
Umayyad and the green color represents Fatimid caliphates.
The red chevron is for the Hashemite dynasty and the Arab revolution.
The vast majority of Jordan’s population adheres to Islam, it is the official religion of the country.
Most of the Muslims in Jordan are Sunnis. Shiites comprise only a small percentage of the Muslim population in the country.
Christianity is the biggest minority religion in Jordan most of the Christians are Greek Orthodox, other Christian denominations in Jordan include Roman Catholicism, Coptic Orthodox, Protestantism, etc.
There are a minority of Buddhists, Hindus, Judaism and folk religions.
Arabic is the official language in Jordan, almost the entire population, including minority communities, speak Arabic.
It is used in most written documents and media. Most Jordanians natively speak one of the non-standard Arabic dialects known as Jordanian Arabic.
There are three varieties of Arabic spoken in the country: urban, rural, and Bedouin Jordanian.
English is widely spoken throughout the country and is used in commerce and banking, as well as a co-official status in the education sector; almost all university-level classes are held in English and almost all public schools teach English along with Standard Arabic.
French is offered as an elective in many schools, mainly in the private sector.
German is an increasingly popular language; it has been introduced at a larger scale since the establishment of the German-Jordanian University in 2005.
Jordanian dinar (JOD)
+02:00 GMT. (Daylight Saving Time)
Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
In Jordan, the climate is usually subtropical arid, with quite cold winters due to the altitude, and sunny summers, which are hot but partly tempered by the altitude as well.
The climate in Jordan varies greatly. Generally, the further inland from the Mediterranean, there are greater contrasts in temperature that occur and less rainfall.
The highlands above the Jordan Valley, mountains of the Dead Sea, and Wadi Araba and as far south as Ras Al-Naqab are dominated by a Mediterranean climate, while the eastern and northeastern areas of the country are arid desert.
Although the desert parts of the kingdom reach high temperatures, the heat is usually moderated by low humidity and a daytime breeze, while the nights are cool.
Summers, lasting from May to September, are hot and dry, with temperatures averaging around 32 °C (90 °F) and sometimes exceeding 40 °C (104 °F) between July and August.
The winter, lasting from November to March, is relatively cool, with temperatures averaging around 13 °C (55 °F). Winter also sees frequent showers and occasional snowfall in some western elevated areas.
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