Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic, located in western Europe.
It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest in the world.
Ireland shares land borders with only one country, United Kingdom.
Reason for naming the country
The name evolved over many centuries from the old Irish word for a Goddess; Ériu, as she was called, has been described as the matron Goddess of ancient Irish mythology, a goddess of sovereignty, or simply a goddess of the land.
The national flag of Ireland is a vertical tricolor: Green, White, and Orange.
Presented as a gift in 1848 to Thomas Francis Meagher from
a small group of French women sympathetic to the Irish cause,
it was intended to symbolize the inclusion and hoped-for
the union between Roman Catholics and Protestants.
Green color represents Irish nationalism
Orange color represents Ireland’s Protestant minority,
white color represents lasting peace between the two.
There are two languages are spoken, English and Irish (Gaelic).
In Northern Ireland, English is the official language,
The religion in Ireland is Christianity, with the largest church being the Catholic Church.
The Constitution of Ireland says that the state may not endorse any particular religion and guarantees freedom of religion.
The next largest group after Catholic was "no religion".
The second-largest Christian denomination, the Church of Ireland Anglican,
After that, there are a minority of Orthodox Christians, Hindus and Muslims.
Although predominantly Roman Catholic, Ireland today is a multi-cultural society where all religions are embraced and respected as playing vital roles in the societal make-up of the country.
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The Irish republic is a Unitary parliamentary.
The climate of Ireland is mild, moist and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes.
Ireland's climate is defined as a temperate oceanic climate a classification it shares with most of northwest Europe.
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