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Ireland

Country Name

Ireland.

Location

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic, located in western Europe.

It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.

Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest in the world.

Ireland shares land borders with only one country, United Kingdom.

Capital 

Dublin.

Reason for naming the country 

The name evolved over many centuries from the old Irish word for a Goddess; Ériu, as she was called, has been described as the matron Goddess of ancient Irish mythology, a goddess of sovereignty, or simply a goddess of the land.

Flag

The first use of the Irish flag was on March 7, 1848, during the Young Irelander Rebellion which strived to oppose the British rule.

It had become more popular after 1916 when Irish republicans declared independence and it was accepted as the national flag in 1920.

The national flag of Ireland is composed of three vertical stripes

 of Green, White, and orange.

Green color represents Irish nationalism

Orange color represents Ireland’s Protestant minority,

white color represents lasting peace between the two cultures on the island of Ireland, Catholic and Protestant.

*Flag Facts: 

- The Ivory Coast flag is extremely similar to the Irish tricolor, but the difference is in the order of the colors.

-Throughout Northern Ireland, there are different flags and symbols flown throughout communities to mark territories.

- The tricolor flag of today was banned in Northern Ireland under the Flags and Emblems Display Act of 1954.

Ireland flag
 

Language 

Irish Gaelic is constitutionally recognized as the first official language of the Republic of Ireland.

Aside from Irish, English is another official language of the country spoken by a majority of those residing there.

Irish Gaelic is constitutionally recognized as the first official language of the Republic of Ireland. It is one of the oldest written languages in the world.

There are three main Irish dialects: Munster (spoken south of Ireland, such as counties Kerry, Cork, and Waterford), Connacht (spoken in Connemara and Aran Islands in the west of Ireland - both in County Galway, and County Mayo), and Ulster (spoken in the north of Ireland, such as Donegal and Belfast).

Throughout the whole of Ireland, Polish is the most widely used foreign language, followed by French, Romanian, Lithuanian, Spanish, and German. Also among those in the top are Russian, Portuguese, Chinese, and Arabic among others.

Religion

The religion in Ireland is Christianity, with the largest church being the Catholic Church.

The Constitution of Ireland says that the state may not endorse any particular religion and guarantees freedom of religion.

The next largest group after Catholic was "no religion".

The second-largest Christian denomination, the Church of Ireland Anglican,

After that, there are a minority of  Orthodox Christians, Hindus and Muslims.

Although predominantly Roman Catholic, Ireland today is a multi-cultural society where all religions are embraced and respected as playing vital roles in the societal make-up of the country.

Currency

Euro 

before it was  "Irish pound".

Euro

Time Zone

+01:00 GMT

-01:00 GMT (Daylight-saving Time)

Government Regime

The Irish republic is a Unitary parliamentary.

Climate

The island of Ireland has an oceanic climate, cool and wet, cloudy, and rainy throughout the year. Both the daily and the annual temperature ranges are narrow, so both the summer heat and the winter frost are rare.
Temperatures do not vary much on the island; however, the western coasts are milder in winter and cooler in summer. The southwest coast is particularly mild in winter.

Winter, from December to February, is quite cold but not freezing. The sky is often cloudy, the rains are frequent, and the most intense low-pressure systems can cause wind storms. Temperatures are slightly above freezing during the night, while during the day they range from 7/8 °C (45/46 °F) in inland areas, to 8/10 °C (46/50 °F) along the coasts.

In Summer, from June to August, temperatures are cool: average highs are around 17/18 °C (63/64 °F) in Ulster and northern areas, and around 19/20 °C (66/68 °F) in the rest of Ireland. The temperature rarely exceeds 25 °C (77 °F), and this happens only in the rare and short periods when the Azores High moves over the country, while it almost never reaches 30 °C (86 °F).
 

The best time to visit Ireland in the summer, from June to August, since it is the mildest of the year: the rains are frequent, the air is often very cool, the days are long.
In September, the temperatures are still acceptable, but the sky is often cloudy, and the days are shorter than in the previous months.

International Phone Code

+353

Internet Code

.ie

Some Facts About Ireland

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