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Iran

Country Name

Iran, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and also called Persia.

Location

Iran is located in Western Asia.

It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan,

 to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan,

to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Iran

The reason for naming the country

The term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian "Ērān", recognized as a derivative of Proto-Indo-European "ar-yo", which means  "the one who assembles skilfully".

Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due mainly to the writings of Greek historians who referred to all of Iran as Persís, meaning "the land of the Persians", while Persis itself was one of the provinces of ancient Iran that is today defined as Fars.

According to Iranian mythology, the country's name comes from the name of "Iraj", a legendary prince and shah who was killed by his brothers.

Capital 

Tehran.

Flag

The Origin flag of Iran was adopted on 7 October 1907.

And the Current Flag was adopted on 29 July 1980.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of, green, white, and red

colors.

The green stands for Islam,

the white color represents hope and peace,

and the red represent courage in battles.

the National Emblem* in red centred on the white stripe and the Takbir "Allah is the greatest" written in the Kufic script in white, repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green stripe and 11 times along the top edge of the red stripe, for a total of 22 times on the fringe of the stripes.

*The National emblem is a red tulip which is composed of five parts, which represents the 5 pillars of Islam.

iran-flag.jpg

Religion

Iran is an Islamic state where close to 98% of the population identifies as being Muslim.

The dominant religious group in Iran is Shia Muslims. Sunni Muslims are the second-largest religious group.

Shia Muslims make up the largest religious group in Iran, by 93% of the population, Shia Islam has three main divisions which are Zaidis, Ismailis, and Ithna Asharis (Twelvers or Imamis).

The religious minority groups in Iran include Christians, Baha’is, Jews, Zoroastrians, and Mandaeans. 

The constitution allows for religious freedom as long as it is within the provisions of the law.

Language 

The Persian language, also known as Farsi, belongs to the Indo-European language family and is part of the Indo-Iranian subgroup, the language is used for formal government communications and by public school systems.

As Iran is a multicultural and multilinguistic country, there are a number of other languages can be heard in the county, including Turkish languages and dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki, and Mazandarani, Luri, Arabic, and Balochi.

One of the most commonly spoken Turkic languages in Iran is Azerbaijani, The Kurdish language is spoken by the Kurds.

In addition to the widely spoken languages of the country, Iran also has a number of minority languages. These minority tongues include Circassian, Hebrew, Armenian, Assyrian, and Georgian.

Currency

Rial (ریال) (IRR)

Rial (ریال) (IRR)

Time Zone

+04:30 GMT.  (Daylight Saving Time).

+03:30 GMT

Government Regime

Unitary Khomeinist presidential Islamic republic

Climate

Iran is a vast country and has different types of climate: mild and quite wet on the coast of the Caspian Sea, continental and arid in the plateau, cold in high mountains, desert and hot on the southern coast, and in the southeast.
Iran is a dry country; however, in the west and the north, the rains are a bit more plentiful than in the east and the south. The only rainy area is the Caspian Sea coast. Summer is sunny everywhere (except on the shores of the Caspian Sea).
Given the vastness of Iran and its different climates, it is difficult to find a period that is best for all the country, however, you can choose spring, in particular the month of April, which, however, can still be a bit cold in the north and in the mountains, and can already be hot in the south, in the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and even more so in Sistan and Baluchistan. 

Autumn can be nice as well, especially the month of October, but in the south, it's even hotter than in April, while it may be rainy on the Caspian Sea.
 

International Phone Code

+98

Internet Code

.ir

ایران.

Some Facts about Iran

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