India or Republic of India.
Located in South Asia.
Surrounded by the Indian Ocean on the south,
the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the
southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the neighborhood of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while it's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Reason for naming the country
The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historic local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which means "The people of the Indus".
The geographical term Bharat, which is recognized by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations.
Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then.
Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety.
Currently, the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor.
The Saffron color represents the strength and courage
of the country.
The white middle band represents peace and truth with
The green shows the fertility, growth, and success of the land.
*The Dharma wheel symbol has represented Buddhism, also known as the wheel of Dharma.
India has no national language.
There are 22 major languages in India, written in 13 different scripts, with over 720 dialects.
But the official language of the government is Hindi, with the largest number of speakers.
English is used extensively in business and administration and has the status of a "subsidiary official language".
Also, India is home to two major language families: Indo-Aryan (spoken by about 74% ) and Dravidian (spoken by 24%). Languages spoken by the remaining population come from the Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan language families.
India is home to at least nine recognized religions.
The major religions practiced in India are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism. Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Baha'i Faith are also practiced in India.
Federal parliamentary republic
The weather in India is mainly hot most of the year with significent variation from region to region .
the coolest weather lasts from around the end of November to the beginning of March with fresh mornings and eveings and mostly sunny days.
The really hot weather when it is dry, dusty and unpleasent is between March and June.
Monsoon rains occur in most regions in summer anywhere between June and early October.
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