Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany is a country in Central and Western Europe.
It borders Denmark, the Baltic, and the North Sea to the north,
Reason For Naming the country
The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine.
The German term Deutschland, originally diutisciu land ("the German lands") is derived from Deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "of the people" (from diot or diota which means "people"), originally used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants.
The first use of the flag was in 1848.
The current flag of Germany was adopted on 23 May 1949.
The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of black, red, and gold.
The flag of Germany has a simple design and the symbolism behind it is
The three color stripes represent the national colors of Germany.
These national colors date back to the republican democracy proposed
in the mid-1800s to symbolize unity and freedom.
At the time of the Weimar Republic, these colors represented the centrist,
democratic, and republican parties.
The country also has a state flag that has the same design of three horizontal bands with the addition of the country’s national emblem located in the center.
Christianity as the largest religion in Germany, 31.7% declared themselves as Protestants, including members of the Evangelical Church in Germany, while 31.2% declared themselves as Roman Catholics, and Orthodox believers constituted 1.3%.
Islam is the second-largest religion in the country, most of the Muslims are Sunnis and Alevites from Turkey, but there are a small number of Shi'ites, Ahmadiyyas and other denominations
35.4% of Germany's population identifies with either Atheism or Agnosticism. Irreligion in Germany is more common in the eastern regions than in the western parts of the country.
Germans are typically multilingual: 67% of German citizens claim to be able to communicate in at least one foreign language and 27% in at least two.
German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany.
It is one of 24 official and working languages of the European Union, and one of the three procedural languages of the European Commission.
German is the most widely spoken first language in the European Union, with around 100 million native speakers.
Recognized native minority languages in Germany are Danish, Low German, Low Rhenish, Sorbian, Romany, North Frisian, and Saterland Frisian.
The most used immigrant languages are Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, Polish, Balkan languages, and Russian.
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Federal parliamentary republic.
In Germany, the climate is moderately continental, marked by cold winters, with average daily temperatures around 0 °C (32 °F) or slightly above, and warm summers, with maximum temperatures around 22 to 24 °C (72 to 75 °F) in July and August.
The northernmost area (Bremen, Hamburg, Lübeck, Rostock, Kiel) is slightly milder, but it's also rainier and windier because of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean.
Due to being exposed to both mild air masses from the Atlantic Ocean and cold air masses from Russia, the weather is often unstable, with remarkable changes such as cold, heat, wind, fog, snow, and thunderstorms.
During winter, snowfalls are quite frequent. Snow is more common across the eastern belt, while it is rarer in the western part. During cold waves from Siberia, temperatures can jump to -15 to-20 °C (-4/5 °F) in much of Germany, but these periods usually last for a few days in the north and central parts, while they tend to last longer in Bavaria.
In spring, the temperature rises slowly in March, which is usually still a cold month, with average lows around freezing, while highs are around 8 to 11°C (46 to 52 °F). In April, daytime temperatures range from 12 to 13 °C , In early April, short snowfalls with night frost are still possible.
In spring and autumn, in the Alps and in the valleys of Bavaria, the Föhn, a southern warm wind that descends from the mountains and brings sudden increases in temperature, may blow, causing the rapid melting of snow, if present. This phenomenon is rarer in winter when the wind usually doesn't blow from the south.
By the second half of April, the weather becomes a bit milder, and in May, when the average maximum temperature is around 18 to 20 °C (64/68 °F), the first warm days occur, which in Germany are characterized by possible thunderstorms in the afternoon, especially in inland areas.
In summer, although it often brings pleasant temperatures, is not very sunny, there are cool and rainy days, on warmer days, in Berlin and other cities that are not located near the coast, the temperature can reach 30/32 °C (86/90 °F) or even more.
In autumn, September is usually a pleasant month, but later the weather becomes progressively colder and rainy, in addition, the wind can be strong, especially in the northern areas. In November, the sun rarely shines; by mid-November, it is practically winter, and the first snowfalls are possible.
The best period to visit Germany is from mid-May to September since the temperatures are generally pleasant, there can be cool and rainy days, with highs around 15 °C (59 °F) or slightly higher, while in other periods, even hot days may occur, with highs around 30 °C (86 °F) or above, although nights remain pleasantly cool.
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