Finland, officially the Republic of Finland.
Finland is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe.
Finland shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, and Norway to the north and is defined by the Gulf of Bothnia to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the south that are part of the Baltic Sea.
Reason For Naming the country
The earliest written appearance of the name Finland is thought to be on three runestones.
Two were found in the Swedish province of Uppland and have the inscription finlonti (U 582).
The third was found in Gotland. It has the inscription finlandi (G 319) and dates back to the 13th century.
The name can be assumed to be related to the tribe name Finns, which is mentioned at first known time AD 98 (disputed meaning).
The Flag of Finland was adopted on 29 May 1918.
The national flag of Finland is known as the siniristilippu or Blue Cross
It is named as such because of the blue Nordic cross that makes up the
design of the flag.
The Finnish flag consists of two colors: blue and white.
The blue color represents the Finnish sky and the many lakes of the nation. the blue cross represents Christianity.
The white color represents snow.
Finland also has a state flag with a similar design. The only difference is that the flag includes the national coat of arms. The coat of arms includes the colors yellow and red.
The Finnish government has made it illegal to use a state flag without permission.
Finnish flags that are washed must only be dried indoors.
Worn-out flags can be cut into small pieces or burned. Flags can’t be thrown into the sea, buried, or thrown away.
The majority of individuals in Finland identify as members of a Christian church; the vast majority of these Christians are attendants of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.
The second-largest group, accounting for 26.3% of the population, has no religious affiliation.
There is a small minority belongs to the Finnish Orthodox Church, Other Protestant denominations and the Roman Catholic Church are significantly smaller, as are the Jewish and other non-Christian communities counts about 1.6%.
The Muslim population was estimated by 2.7%.
Finnish and Swedish are the official languages of Finland.
The majority of the population their native language is Finnish, which is part of the Finnic subgroup of the Uralic languages. The language is one of only four official EU languages not of Indo-European origin. Finnish is closely related to Karelian and Estonian and more remotely to the Sami languages and Hungarian.
Swedish the second most spoken language in Finland, Swedish is closely related to German, Danish, English, and Norwegian languages.
Russian is the third most spoken language in the country with approximately 1.27% of the total population.
Other Languages Spoken In Finland either as a native language or as a side language.
The other languages include Estonian, English, Somali, Arabic, Kurdish, Chinese, Albanian, Persian, Thai, Vietnamese, Turkish, Spanish, and German.
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Unitary parliamentary republic
The climate of Finland is characterized by long, cold winters and short, mild, and moderately rainy summers. Among the Scandinavian countries, Finland is the one with the coldest climate because it is near to Russia.
The rainiest periods are summer and autumn.
Winter is long and cold throughout the country; it lasts almost five months even in Helsinki, which lies in the far south. Here, the temperature remains almost constantly around or below freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) from mid-November to late March.
As you head north and east, winter gets even colder and longer, The numerous lakes that are located in Finland are frozen, and even the sea can sometimes freeze.
During winter when Finland is affected by cold air masses from neighboring Russia, the temperature drops below -20 °C (-4 °F), on the contrary, when it is reached by mild winds from the Atlantic Ocean, the temperature remains around the freezing point. On colder periods, the temperature can fall to as low as -50 °C (-58 °F) in the far north (Lapland)
May and September are two transitional months, during which the night temperatures are usually around freezing, and the only months with mild weather are the three summer months, from June to August, when it can even get hot during the day.
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