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It comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands.
It lies about 300 miles (480 km) northeast of the southern tip of South America and a similar distance east of the Strait of Magellan.
Reason for naming the country
The name "Falkland Islands" comes from Falkland* Sound, the strait that separates the two main islands.
The name "Falkland" was applied to the channel by John Strong,
captain of an English expedition that landed on the islands in 1690.
*The Falkland Sound is a sea strait in the Falkland Islands. Running southwest-northeast, it separates West and East Falkland.
The current flag of the Falkland Islands was adopted on 25 January 1999 and consists of a defaced Blue Ensign, with the Union Flag in the canton and the Falkland Islands coat-of-arms in the fly.
British English is the official language in the Falkland Islands.
Religion on the Falkland Islands is predominantly Christianity, of which the primary denominations are Church of England, Roman Catholic, United Free Church, and Lutheran.
As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, and the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defense and foreign affairs.
The climate of the Falkland Islands (or Malvinas) is cold maritime: winter is cold, windy, and snowy, while summer is very cool, if not cold, and it's rainy and windy as well.
The humidity is high, and the sky is often cloudy throughout the year.
In autumn and winter, the wind can be stormy.
On the Falkland Islands, the sun is rarely seen in winter, when the sky is often cloudy, while in late spring and summer, all in all, it shines for a decent number of hours.
The average daily temperature of the warmest months, January and February, is about 10 °C (50 °F), with highs around 14 °C (57 °F),
while the average of the coldest months, namely June, July, and August, is about 2 °C (35 °F), with highs around 3 or 4 °C (37 or 39 °F).
This means that the climate of these islands is almost subpolar, and it's similar to that of Iceland, although it's slightly milder.
The highest recorded temperature is 26 °C (79 °F), while the lowest is -11 °C (12 °F). However, in the colder period, from April to October, snowfalls are frequent; moreover, wind and humidity increase the feeling of cold.
Some cold nights, with temperatures around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), are possible even in summer, and in inland hills, snowfalls can occur even in this season.
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