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Eritrea

Country Name

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea.

Location

Eritrea is a country in Eastern Africa.

 It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south,

and Djibouti in the southeast. 

It also shares maritime borders with Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

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The reason for naming the country 

The name Eritrea is derived from the ancient Greek name for the Red Sea.

It was first formally adopted in 1890, with the formation of Italian Eritrea (Colonia Eritrea). The name continued over the course of subsequent  British and  Ethiopian occupation and was reaffirmed by the 1993 independence election and 1997 constitution.

Capital 

Asmara.

Flag

The Eritrean flag was adopted on December 5, 1995, making it one of the world's newest flags.

Eritrea received independence from Ethiopia on May 24, 1993.

The flag consists of 3 triangles the top triangle is green, the middle one is red and the bottom one is light blue.

Inside the triangle is a yellow wreath.

The green color represents the agricultural and livestock economy

of Eritrea.

The red stands for the bloodshed during Eritrea's struggle for

independence.

The blue represents the marine wealth while the yellow represents the mineral wealth of Eritrea. The olive wreath and branch symbolize peace.

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Language 

Eritrea is a multilingual country. 

Tigrinya, Tigre, and Standard Arabic are the official languages spoken in Eritrea.

In Eritrea, all elementary schools use the local language.

Tigrinya and Arabic became official languages of Eritrea under the British rule. Even though English is not widely used, it is slowly developing as a foreign language of choice particularly as it makes up part of the secondary school curriculum.

Religion

Orthodox Christianity and Sunni Islam are the largest denominations in the country, with minority adhere to Jehovah's Witness, independent non-Evangelical churches, and Wahabi Islam.

Currency

Nakfa (ERN)

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Time zone​

+03:00 GMT

Government Regime

Unitary one-party presidential republic

Climate

The climate of Eritrea is tropical desert on the coast and the eastern plain, mild semi-arid in the mountainous belt, and tropical semiarid in the south-west.

From June to September, the country is influenced by the southwest monsoon coming from Ethiopia, which brings a bit of rain, especially in the central and southern inland part.

Along the coast of the Red Sea, the climate is desert and hot all year round.

International Phone Code

+291

Internet Code

.er

Some Facts about Eritrea

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