El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador.
It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras,
on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by
the Pacific Ocean.
Reason for naming the country
Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado named the new province for Jesus Christ – El Salvador (lit. 'The Saviour').
The full name was Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesus Cristo, El Salvador Del Mundo (lit. 'Province of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the World'), which was subsequently abbreviated to El Salvador.
The El Salvador flag was adopted on September 27, 1972.
The flag of El Salvador consists of three equal horizontal stripes - the top and bottom stripe are blue; and the middle stripe is white. In the middle of El Salvador's flag is the country's coat of arms.
The blue represents the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea;
the white represents peace.
The state coat of arms on El Salvador's flag is based on the coat of arms
of the former United Provinces of Central America. The coat of the arms shows a triangle that represents equality and the three branches of El Salvador's government.
El Salvador, which in Spanish means 'the savior', gained its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821, and independence from the Central American federation in 1842.
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by all inhabitants.
Some indigenous people speak their native tongues such as Nawat and Maya.
The majority of the population in El Salvador is Christian.
Roman Catholics and Protestants are the two major religious groups in the country, with the Catholic Church the largest denomination.
There are minority believers of Jehovah's Witnesses, Hare Krishnas, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, Latter-day Saints, and those adhering to indigenous religious beliefs.
United States dollar (USD)
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
El Salvador has a democratic and representative government,
El Salvador has a tropical climate, hot all year round.
There is a rainy season from late April to October which is also definitely wet.
In inland areas, there are volcanoes, plateaus, and mountains, where the weather gets cooler with altitude.
At intermediate altitudes, cloud forests are found; at high altitudes, above 2,000 meters (6,500 feet), it can get cold on winter nights.
The highest point is Cerro El Pital, although the summit, 2,730 meters (8,957 feet) high, is located in Honduras; from November to March, you can see the snow on the top.
From December to March, El Salvador is sometimes affected by the Norte, a cool wind from the United States, which, in the plains, can bring at most a bit of cool weather in the evening and at night, while in San Salvador, it can bring a bit of cold at night, with lows around 10 °C (50 °F).
International Phone Code