Egypt or the Arab Republic of Egypt.
Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa
and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestine)
and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east,
Reason for naming the country
Egypt has known over time by various names:
It was known in the pharaohs' era as "Kimi" and means "The Black Land", likely referring to the fertile black soils of the Nile floodplains This name is commonly vocalized as Kemet
It was also known as "Tawi" or the Two Lands, which indicates Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt (Delta).
It was later named "Hat Ka Ptah", which is originally the name of one of the most famous temples of the god Ptah in Memphis.
it was mentioned in the Torah as "Masraim" (Mitzráyim) as pronounced in Hebrew related to "Masriam son of Ham son of Noah". This name means "the extended land or the land that is protected".
It was also mentioned in the Holy Quraan by "Misr".
The English name Egypt is derived from the Ancient Greek Aígyptos.
It is pronounced Masr by the local dialect of Egyptians.
The Egyptian flag was adopted on October 4, 1984.
The flag is composed of three horizontal equal stripes of red, white, and black, and there is the Egyptian eagle of Salah el din in the center of the white band, written on its base is the "Arab Republic of Egypt" in Kufic script.
The red stripe represents the people’s struggle against the British
control of their country.
The white stripe represents the peaceful and bloodless nature of the
The black stripe represents the end of the oppression of the Egyptian
people from the monarchy.
The eagle of Salah el din represents the strength and power of the country, and the people, or even the strength and power of the Egyptian mind,
*(The flag is identical to the flag of Libya from 1969–1972.)
Arabic is the official language in Egypt, although Modern Egyptian Arabic* is the official language spoken by all the population in Egypt, It is also the de facto national language in the country.
The Arabic language is widely used in literature such as plays and novels and media forms such as advertising, film, series, and newspapers.
Egyptian Arabic is a mixture combined with the locally Coptic language and other languages such as Turkish, Ottoman, French, and Italian. Egyptian Arabic is easily understood in other Arabic countries such as Yemen, Kuwait, Palestine, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates & many other Arabic countries.
The prevalence of the language in other nations has been facilitated by the popularity of Egyptian film and media industries across the world.
English is a second language in Egypt and is widely spoken, understood, and taught in all schools.
French is also widely spoken and understood by the education classes, also there are minority spoken languages like Russian, Dutch, German, Italian & Spanish especially in the touristic Cities as Sharm al-sheik, Hurghada, (Red Sea Governorate cities), Luxor & Aswan.
* The Egyptian dialect is a much-simplified of traditional Arabic. It diverse to many dialects depends on the city so, these dialects are ( Cairo dialect, Alexandria dialect, Upper Egypt dialect, Delta dialect, Sinai Bedouins dialect, Nubia dialect).
According to the Egyptian constitution, it recognizes Islam as the official religion of the country and recognizes the rights of the followers of the three other religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
The majority of Egypt's population is Muslim, Sunni, Egypt is home to Al-Azhar University, the most important and oldest university of Islamic studies in the world.
The Christian religion is thought to be represented by 5.1%, followers of the Christian religion, including Catholics and Evangelists, and there are Syriac, Roman, and Armenian churches as well.
Although Judaism is a recognized religion in Egypt, its number of adherents is very low. Today, it is estimated that the number of Jews in the country is less than 40.
A small minority of the population belong to several unrecognized religions including Baha’i Faith,and followers of other religions and sects that are not recognized
Religious tolerance widely practiced throughout Egypt Muslims & Christians live together since thousand years till now without any hate or restricted.
Egypt consider is the largest gathering of Muslims, Christians & Jews in the Middle East.
Unitary semi-presidential republic.
In Egypt, there are three types of climate: Mediterranean climate on the northern coast, desert climate in inland areas, and finally, the climate of the coast of the Red Sea, equally desert but a bit milder.
- On the Mediterranean coast (Alexandria, Marsa Matrouh), there's a very mild, spring-like winter: highs are around 18/19 °C (64/66 °F) and lows around 9/10 °C (48/50 °F), though this is the only period of the year when weak or moderate rains occur. Summer is long, muggy, and sunny, with highs around 30 °C (86 °F), but tempered by sea breezes. The humidity is high especially in the delta of the Nile River.
- In the interior, the climate is desert, with virtually no rain; the temperatures increase gradually as you head south. Winters are mild and sunny, but nights are cool to cold, ranging from 5/7 °C (41/45 °F) in the central area (as Luxor) to 10/11 °C in the southern area (as Aswan), though the temperature in the coldest nights can approach freezing (0 °C or 32 °F). The winter days are pleasantly mild or warm, about 20/22 °C (68/72 °F) on average.
- In inland areas, summers are scorchingly hot, with highs ranging from 36/37 °C (97/99 °F) in the center-north to 40/42 °C (104/108 °F) in the south, and during this season, the sun hits hard. On the hottest days, the temperature in the south can reach as high as 50/52 °C (122/126 °F).
On the coasts of the Red Sea (as Hurghada & Sharm Al-sheikh) the climate is desert, but tempered by the sea: the rainfall is very little or totally absent as in the interior, but the temperature range is lower and the humidity is generally higher. Therefore, the days in summer are very hot and humid, with minimum temperatures around 25 °C (77 °F) and maximum temperatures around 34/35 °C (93/95 °F), except when the wind blows from the desert and raise the temperature while lowering the humidity.
The best time to visit Egypt is winter (November to February ) if you want to visit the archaeological sites of Egypt or Hurghada & Sgarm al -sheik when the weather is normally mild and sunny. The temperature range can be high, especially in the south, so much so that it can be warm during the day but even cold at night.
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