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Egypt

Country Name

Egypt or the Arab Republic of Egypt.

 

Location

Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel 

to the Northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the East, the Red Sea to the East,

 Sudan to the South, and Libya to the West.

Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, and across from the Sinai

Peninsula lies Saudi Arabia, although Jordan and Saudi Arabia do

not share a land border with Egypt.

So Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia

  

Reason for naming the country 

Egypt has known over time by various names:

It was known in pharaohs era as "Kimi" and means "The Black Land", likely referring to the fertile black soils of the Nile floodplains This name is commonly vocalized as Kemet

It was also known as "Tawi"  or the Two Lands, which indicates  Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt (Delta).

It was later named "Hat Ka Ptah", which is originally the name of one of the most famous temples of the god Ptah in Memphis.

it was mentioned in the Torah as  "Masraim" (Mitzráyim) as pronounced in  Hebrew related to "Masriam son of Ham son of Noah".  This name is of Semitic origin means The extended land or the land that is protected.

It was also mentioned in the Holy Quraan by "Misr".

The English name Egypt is derived from the Ancient Greek Aígyptos , Homer invented it between 1600 and 1200 BC. After the myth of Odyssey dreamed of taking control of Egypt, this myth was achieved in 313 BC. After Alexander the Great annexed Egypt to the Ptolemaic state and called it Egptus for the dream of Homer.

 The local pronunciation in Egyptian Arabic is Masr  [mɑsˤɾ].

 

 

Capital

Cairo.

 

Flag

The shape and colors of the Egyptian flag have evolved with different ages and ruling systems of the country.

 The current flag was approved on 4th of October  1984 and consists of three horizontal rectangles with Red, White and Black colors.

Red:  Indicates brightness, hope, and strength.

White: Expression of purity and peace.

Black: The era of colonization that Egypt has disposed of.

In the center of the middle rectangle is the eagle of

Salah al-Din,The Egyptian eagle, indicate the strength of

Egypt and its civilizations.

Written on its base is the "Arab Republic of Egypt" in Kufic script.

 

Language

Arabic is the official language of Egypt and it diverse to many accents depends on the city so, these accents are ( Cairo accent, Alexandria accent, Upper Egypt accent, Delta accent, Sinai Bedouins accent, Nubia accent).

The Egyptian slang is a much-simplified of the traditional Arabic.

Also, English and French widely spoke and understood by educated classes.

 

 

Religion

According to the Egyptian constitution, it recognizes Islam as the official religion of the country and recognizes the rights of the followers of the three other religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

The majority of Egypt's population is Muslim, Sunni , There are also followers of the Christian religion, including Catholics and Evangelists, and there are Syriac, Roman and Armenian churches.

This is the largest gathering of Christians in the Middle East and a minority of Jews.

 The country also has followers of other religions and sects that are not recognized.

 

 

Currency

Egyptian Pound.

 

 

Time Zone

 

+02:00 GMT.

 

Government Regime

Democratic-Republican.

 

 

Climate

Egypt, in general, contains desert climate and is hot dry in summer .. moderate rainy winter.

 

International Phone code

+2

 

Internet Code

.eg

 

Some Facts About Egypt

 

Egypt-on-map.jpg
Egyptian Flag
Egyptian money
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