Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica.
Costa Rica is a country in Central America,
the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Reason for naming the country
The name Costa Rica means "rich coast" in the Spanish language.
Christopher Columbus* is credited with discovering Costa Rica in 1502 and gave Costa Rica its name which actually means “rich coast” because he believed the land to be filled with precious metals.
*who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage, and reported vast quantities of gold jewelry worn by natives.
The Costa Rican flag was adopted on November 27, 1906.
Costa Rica's First Lady, Pacifica Fernandez Oreamuno,
designed the flag in 1848.
It was designed after the ideals of the French Revolution -
freedom, equality, and brotherhood - and the colors of the French National Flag.
The Costa Rican flag consists of five horizontal stripes.
The top and bottom stripe are blue, the middle stripe is red and the stripes above and below the red stripe are white. The red stripe is double the size of the blue and white stripes.
On the left side of the red stripe, a national coat of arms is placed.
Blue represents the sky, intellectual thinking, infinite, eternity, and ideals of the religious and spiritual desires,
White represents clear thinking, happiness, wisdom, power, and beauty of the sky, initiative to search for new endeavors, and peace;
Red represents the warmth of the Costa Rican people, their love of life, their blood shed for freedom, and their generosity.
Spanish is the official language of Costa Rica.
Spanish is used in the government administration of the country, by the media of the country as well as the educational institutions of Costa Rica.
Also, there are Five indigenous languages are spoken in Costa Rica.
These indigenous Costa Rica languages are: Maléku, Cabécar, Bribri, Guaymí, and Buglere.
Christianity is Costa Rica's official religion, with Roman Catholicism being the official state religion according to the 1949 Constitution, which at the same time guarantees freedom of religion.
About half of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics, 25% are Evangelical Protestants, 15% report that they do not have a religion, and 2% declare that they belong to another religion.
Due to small, immigration from Asia and the Middle East, other religions have grown such as Buddhism, and a small community of Muslims.
Costa Rican colón (CRC)
Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
The climate in Costa Rica is hot all year round in the plains and along the coasts, while it's milder in the plateau.
Temperature variations are low because the country is located near the Equator, so the main difference between the seasons is found in the rains. Anyway, most of the country is so rainy that it is covered with rainforests.
On the Pacific coast and the plateau, there are a dry season from December to April and a rainy season from May to November, during which rainfall is abundant.
In contrast, in the eastern plains and coasts (but also in the southernmost part of the Pacific coast) the climate is equatorial, with abundant rainfall throughout the year.
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