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Colombia, or officially the Republic of Colombia.
It is also the 25th-largest country in the world.
Colombia is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea,
the northwest by Panama,
the south by Ecuador and Peru,
the east by Venezuela,
the southeast by Brazil, and the west by the Pacific Ocean.
Reason for naming the country
The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of "Christopher Columbus" the Italian explorer who began the European colonization of the Americas, even though he never set foot on Colombian land.
It was Alonso de Ojeda, one of Columbus' companions on his second voyage, who was the first European to set foot on the land in 1499.
*In 1819, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama declared independence from Spain, and formed a country called "Gran Colombia".
Venezuela and Ecuador separated in 1830. Panama continued to be part of Colombia until 1903, at which point it proclaimed independence.
The first use of the Colombian flag design was in 1810.
Colombia adopted its flag in 1861.
The last change to the current Colombian flag design was in 1949.
The current flag was officially adopted on December 17, 1819. after gaining independence in August in the same year.
The flag consists of 3 horizontal tricolors yellow (double-width), blue and
Colors of the flag are commonly interpreted in two ways:
The yellow symbolizes freedom and justice,
blue symbolizes loyalty and vigilance
and red symbolizes the courage shown and the victory achieved during
the battles for independence from Spain.
A very popular children's song claims that:
Yellow represents gold Colombia once owned until the arrival of the Spanish, Blue indicates the country's contact with two oceans and
Red represents the blood that Colombians spent in their struggle for independence from Spain.
Spanish is the most popular language spoken in Colombia, however it is known as the Colombian Spanish it varies from the traditional Spanish spoken in Spain.
There are regional Spanish dialects spoken in different regions of the country.
A total of 101 languages are listed in Colombia, there are also
65 Amerindian languages, two Creole languages, the Romani language, and Colombian Sign Language are also used in the country.
The English language is spoken in some cities in Colombia.
Best estimates recorded 71 languages that are spoken in-country today – most of which belong to the Chibchan, Tucanoan, Bora– Witoto, Guajiboan, Arawakan, Cariban, Barbacoa, and Saliban language families.
There are currently about 850,000 speakers of native languages.
Most of the Colombians believe in Christianity, the majority of which are Roman Catholic, while the minority adhere to Protestant (primarily Evangelicalism).
There are some of the population is atheist, while minority claim to believe in God but do not follow a specific religion.
Also, there are Colombians adhere to Jehovah's Witnesses, Adventism, and other religions, such as the Bahá’í Faith, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Mormonism, Hinduism, Indigenous religions, Hare Krishna movement, Rastafari movement, Orthodox Catholic Church, and spiritual studies.
A unitary presidential constitutional republic.
Colombia has a tropical climate along the coast and eastern plains.
However, it can be a bit cooler in the highlands.
The best time to visit Colombia is from December to March as well as July and August.
The weather is pleasant during these months and many festivals take place at this time.
Also, the tourist crowds are relatively low.
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