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China

Country Name

China, officially the People's Republic of China.

Location

China is located in eastern Asia.

China is bordered by the Yellow Sea, Korea Bay, South China Sea,

and the East China Sea; Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Nepal to the west, Russia and

Mongolia to the north, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), Laos,

North Korea, and Vietnam to the south,

and Regional Borders with Hong Kong and Macau to the south.

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The reason for naming the country

The name 'China' comes from the Sanskrit Cina (derived from the name of the Chinese Qin Dynasty, pronounced 'Chin') which was translated as 'Cin' by the Persians and seems to have become popularized through trade along the Silk Road from China to the rest of the world.

Capital 

Beijing.

Flag

The flag was adopted on 1 October 1949.

The flag consists of Red background with a large golden star within

an arc of four smaller golden stars.

The red  color representsthe Chinese Communist Revolution.  

 The five golden stars and their relationship represents

the unity of Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. 

It is stated that the five stars of the flag represent the five largest ethnic groups: Han Chinese, Zhuangs, Hui Chinese, Manchus and Uyghurs

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Religion

 Freedom of religion is guaranteed by China's constitution.

Chinese civilization has been influenced by various religious movements. The "three teachings", including Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism    (Chinese Buddhism).

The government of the People's Republic of China officially espouses state atheism.

Most of Chinese are practicing Chinese folk belief or non-religious, there are minority of Buddhists, Christians, Muslims, and other religions including  Taoists and folk salvationism.

Language 

There are as many as 292 living languages in China.

Standard Chinese is the official language in mainland China, as well as in

Taiwan, and is also known as Standard Mandarin or Modern Standard Mandarin.

Wu Chinese is a dialect of Chinese that is predominantly spoken in the eastern region of China. The language exists in six main subgroups, which are geographically defined.

English is one of the most critical foreign languages in China.

Chinese Sign Language is the primary sign language used among the deaf population in mainland China and Taiwan.

Currency

Renminbi (yuan; ¥) (CNY)

Time Zone

+08:00 GMT. 

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Government Regime

Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic.

Climate

China is a huge country, and has a great variety of climates.

Winter is freezing cold in the north, in the mountains and the plateaus, while it's mild in the south; summer is hot everywhere, except in highlands and high mountains, summer is the rainiest season. 

Given the vastness of the country and the wide climatic variety, it's hard to find a single period in which the weather is very good throughout the country. In general, however, the best times are spring and autumn.
In Beijing, in April and October, the days are pleasant, while at night it can get a bit cold, in addition, spring is preferable because it has longer days. You can also go in May and September, which are warmer.
In Shanghai, which has a longer summer, you may prefer April, May and October.
You can visit the warm mountains of Yunnan in March and April.
In Guangzhou and in the south, since spring is already rainy, we prefer October and November, with a preference for November because the risk of typhoons is lower.
You can go to the north-eastern cold area and the northwestern desert area in May and September, since they are hot in summer. It is better to visit Tibet in summer.

International Phone Code

+86

Internet Code

.cn

Some Facts about China

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