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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile
Chile is located in western South America.
It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Reason for naming the country
There are various theories about the origin of the word Chile.
The origin of the name “Chile” may derive from a native American word -come from the indigenous Mapuche word- “chili,” meaning “where the land ends.”
It could also be based on the Mapuche imitation of a bird call which sounds like “cheele cheele."
Other theories say or from the Quechua chiri, "cold", or tchili, meaning either "snow" or "the deepest point of the Earth".
The flag of Chile was adopted on 18 October 1817.
It consists of two equal horizontal bands of white and red,
with a blue square in the top of the left side which has
a white five-pointed star.
This version of the Chilean flag is known as "La Estrella Solitaria," or
"The Lone Star."
white color represents the Andes mountains,The
Red represents the ones who fought for the nation’s independence.
The Blue represents the sky and the ocean
The star represents the powers of the government.
Spanish is the official language.
German is still spoken to some extent in southern Chile, either in small countryside or as a second language among the larger cities.
Also, there are several indigenous languages spoken in Chile: such as Mapudungun, Quechua, Aymara, and Rapa Nui.
*The Spanish language accent varies very slightly from north to south; more noticeable are the differences in accent based on social class or whether one lives in the city or the country.
The major religion in Chile is Christianity.
The majority of Chileans are Roman Catholics, and a few are Protestants.
Around 25% of Chileans are religiously non-affiliated or state that religion is not important in their lives and it is one of the highest percentages in Latin America.
Chile also has a Bahá'í religious community and is home to the mother temple of the Bahá'ís for Latin America.
Chile has 3 time zones
-04:00 to -06:00 GMT
-03:00 to -05:00 GMT Summer Time (DST)
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
It is warm all year round. There is a very large daily range of temperate, up to 30 degrees celsius.
Central Chile has a Mediterranean type climate with long, hot summers and cool, wet winters.
The best seasons are spring, September-November, and fall, March-May.
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