Chad, officially known as the Republic of Chad
Chad is a landlocked country in North- Central Africa.
It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east,
the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the south-west, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.
Reason for naming the country
Lake Chad gave its name to the country of Chad. The name Chad is derived from the Kanuri word “Sádǝ” meaning "large expanse of water".
The flag of Chad was adopted on November 6, 1959.
It was inspired by the French Tricolore flag and the pan-African colors.
The flag consists of three equal vertical stripes - the left stripe is blue, the middle stripe is yellow and the right stripe is red.
The blue stripe represents the sky, hope, agriculture, and the waters in the south of Chad.
The yellow stripe symbolizes the sun and the desert in the north of Chad.
The red stripe stands for progress, unity, and sacrifice.
Chad's official languages are Arabic and French, but over 100 languages and dialects are spoken.
Due to the important role played by itinerant Arab traders and settled merchants in local communities, Chadian Arabic has become a lingua franca.
Chad has a number of religions that are widely and freely practiced in the country. The constitution grants religious liberty which has allowed for diverse religious groups.
Islam and Christianity are the leading denominations with millions of followers, Roman Catholics represent the largest Christian denomination in the country.
A small proportion of the population continues to practice indigenous religions.
Members of the Bahá'í and Jehovah's Witnesses religious communities also are present in the country.
Central African CFA franc (XAF).
Unitary dominant-party presidential republic
The climate in Chad is desert in the north, semi-desert in the center, and tropical with a wet season in the south.
In fact, the summer rains, which are brought by the African monsoon, affect only the center-south of the country, and in a progressively more substantial manner as you proceed towards the south.
As a result, the rainfall is lower than 50 millimeters (2 inches) per year in the north, it reaches 200 mm (8 in) in the center, and exceeds 1,000 mm (40 in) in the south. The rains occur from May to early October, although in the far south, some showers and thunderstorms occur as early as in April. Winter is dry everywhere.
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