It is located in the northern part of North America.
Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the
Atlantic to the Pacific oceans and northward into the Arctic Ocean,
Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's
longest bi-national land border.
Canada is the second-largest country by total area.
Reason for naming the country
The word "Canada" coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word Kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona.
Cartier later used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona (the chief at Stadacona).
By 1545, European books and maps had begun referring to this small region along the Saint Lawrence River as Canada.
The Canadian flag was adopted on February 15, 1965.
Canada’s national flag consists of three vertical stripes of red and white.
There are two red vertical stripes on the hoist and fly sides and one white stripe in the center which is wider than the red stripes on either side.
The red color is used to symbolize prosperity and hope.
The white color is used to reflect the equality of the nation, while also representing peace and tranquility.
There is also an 11-pointed red maple leaf centered in the middle of the white band. This maple leaf represents the cultural heritage of Canada and the vast natural resources found within its borders.
A nickname for the flag is “L’Unifolie,” French for “the one-leafed",
it is also known as the Canadian flag or the Maple Leaf flag.
Canada has two official languages: English and French.
English is the mother tongue of about 59% of the population while French is the mother tongue of about 23% of the population.
18% of the population has more than one mother tongue or their mother tongue is not English or French.
Only In Quebec, French is the official language.
Canada is also home to a large immigrant population, which has conserved its native languages. Because of this, a large number of minority languages are used in Canada today. The most widely spoken of these languages are Spanish, Italian, and German.
Other minority languages spoken in this country include Cantonese, Punjabi, Arabic, Dutch, and Tagalog.
Canada is religiously diverse.
A majority of Canadians are Christians identify as Roman Catholic, making up approximately 39% of the population. 29% identify as Protestants, which are further divided into a variety of branches including Adventists, Anabaptists, Anglicans, Baptists, Calvinists, Lutherans, Methodists, and Pentecostals. 24% of Canadians are currently atheist or agnostic, and these do not follow any religion at all.
The Islamic religion comes in second place after Christianity by more than 2.5%, followed by Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
The majority of Canadians consider religion to be unimportant in their daily lives but still believe in God.
Freedom of religion in Canada is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference.
Canadian Dollar CAD
Canada has 6 standard time zones with 6 corresponding Daylight Savings Time (DST) time zones.
-02:30 GMT to
Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Canada's climate varies from region to region and from another season.
Canadians enjoy four distinct seasons. Summer temperatures reach 35 degrees Celsius in the summer, while in some parts of Canada they fall to 40 degrees Celsius in winter.
Spring and autumn are warm in the day and mild in the evening, where there is a gradual transition from one season to another.
In the winter all buildings and means of transport are heated, and the buildings are heated with electricity, gas or oil.
All buildings are not adapted in the summer. The winter is short on the west coast of Canada and in the Okanagan Valley, while the temperatures are nice.
There are no extreme temperatures on the East Coast, but all four seasons are there. South Ontario is far beyond most parts of the United States of America, and temperatures tend to be moderated by the Great Lakes.
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Some Facts About Canada