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Burundi

Country Name

Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi 

Location

It is a landlocked country in East Africa. 

It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and

southeast, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; 

Lake Tanganyika lies along its southwestern border. 

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Reason for naming the country 

Burundi's push for independence was influenced by the Rwandan Revolution and the accompanying instability and ethnic conflict that occurred there. As a result of the Rwandan Revolution, many Rwandan Tutsi refugees arrived in Burundi during the period from 1959 to 1961.

The country claimed independence on 1 July 1962 and legally changed its name from Ruanda-Urundi to Burundi.

Capital 

Gitega (political),

 Bujumbura (economic).

Flag

The Burundi flag was adopted on June 28, 1967.

Burundi gained independence from Belgium on July 1, 1962.

The Burundi flag features a white x cross that divides it into four parts.

The left and right sides of the flag are green and the upper and lower parts

are red.

In the middle of the flag lies a white circle that has 3- six-point red stars

with green borders inside.

The three stars in the middle of the Burundi flag officially refer to

the words in the national motto "Unité, Travail, Progrès"

("Unity, Work, Progress"). It also represents the three ethnic groups in Burundi - the Hutu, Tutsi and the Twa.

The red stands for the country's independence struggle.

The green represents hope and

the white stands for peace.

burundi-flag.jpg

Language 

Burundi traditionally had two official languages: Kirundi and French

Swahili, the language of trade, is widely spoken in Bujumbura, as is French.

In 2015, a new law was adopted making English the third official language of the country.

Religion

Most of the population is Christian Roman Catholics which represent the largest group in Burundi.   

Protestant and Anglican practitioners constitute the remaining percentage. An estimated 5% of the population adheres to traditional indigenous religious beliefs.

Muslims constitute 2–5%, the majority of whom are Sunnis and live in urban areas.

Currency

Burundian franc (FBu) (BIF).

Burundi Franc

Time zone​

+02:00 GMT

Government Regime

Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic.

Climate

In Burundi, the climate is mild to warm and varies according to altitude, while there is little seasonal variation in temperature. 

From June to August, is the dry season, which cool breezes from the south-east blow, there is little rain, and the sun often shines. By mid-August, the temperature begins to rise, and in September and October, the highest values of the year are recorded. At the same time, however, the rains begin, which occur in the form of downpours or thunderstorms, and gradually lower the temperature, which returns to the values of the rest of the year, around 22/25 °C (72/77 °F) during the day on the plateau, and around 27/28 °C (81/82 °F) in the western lowlands.
The best time to visit Burundi runs from June to August, since it is clearly the driest and sunniest time of the year. Anyway, in this season, it can sometimes be cool or even cold at night, with temperatures around 12 °C (54 °F) in Bujumbura and even below on the plateau.

International Phone Code

+257

Internet Code

.bi

Some Facts about Burundi

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