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Burkina Faso

Country Name

Burkina Faso

Location

It is a landlocked country in West Africa. 

It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north and west; 

Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo  to the southeast; 

Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. 

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Reason for naming the country 

Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara.

The words "Burkina" and "Faso" both stem from different languages spoken in the country: "Burkina" comes from Mossi and means "upright", showing how the people are proud of their integrity, while "Faso" comes from the Dioula language and means "fatherland" (literally, "father's house").

Capital 

Ouagadougou

Flag

The Burkina Faso flag was adopted on August 4, 1984.

The flag of Burkina Faso consists of two colors red and green.

The middle of the Burkina Faso flag features a five-pointed yellow star.

The red represents the revolution;

the green represents the country's abundance of natural riches.

the yellow star represents the guiding light of the revolution.

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Language 

Burkina Faso is a multilingual country. French is Burkina Faso’s official language. 

French is the principal language of administrative, political and judicial institutions, public services, and the press. It is the only language for laws, administration, and courts.

The languages spoken natively in Burkina Faso were Mossi, Fula,  Gourmanché, Bambara, Bissa, Bwamu, Dagara, San, Lobiri, Lyélé, Bobo and Sénoufo, Nuni, Dafing, Tamasheq, Kasséna, Gouin, Dogon, Songhai, and Gourounsi, Ko, Koussassé, Sembla, and Siamou, other national languages , other African languages.

Religion

Statistics on religion in Burkina Faso can be misleading because Islam and Christianity are often practiced in tandem with indigenous religious beliefs. About half of the population practice Islam and the majority of this group belong to the Sunni branch, while a small minority adheres to Shia Islam.

The government estimated that 23.2% of the population are Christians 19% being Roman Catholics and 4.2% members of Protestant denominations; 15.3% follow traditional indigenous beliefs such as the Dogon religion, have other religions, and have none

Currency

West African CFA franc (XOF)

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Time zone​

-04:00 GMT

Government Regime

Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic

Climate

In Burkina Faso, the climate is tropical, with a rainy season in the summer months due to the African monsoon, and a dry season in winter.

In the north, the rainy season is shorter and less intense, so the climate is semi-dry, while in the south the rains last longer and are able to feed more plants, in fact, there are nature reserves, which have the flora and fauna of the savannah.
The temperatures in Burkina Faso are high throughout the year.

In winter, the air is dry because of the prevalence of the northeast winds, and highs are around 30/32 °C (86/90 °F) in the north and 32/33 °C (90/91 °F) in the south, even in the coolest months, ie December and January, but sometimes they can be higher. The prevailing wind, called Harmattan, blows from the north-east and is able to lift dust, making the sky whitish, but it can also cause real sandstorms. 
Starting from February, the temperature begins to rise, and the heat becomes burning. In the south, the first rains occur quite early, and are able to increase the humidity but also to prevent the increase of temperature; on the other hand, in the north and partly in the center, the heat increases until April and May, when highs reach normally 40/42 °C (104/108 °F).

In May and June, the first significant rains coming from the south may be preceded or accompanied by whirlwinds and tornadoes, which are caused by the clash with the preexistent dry air masses.
Between July and September, when the monsoon shows its greatest effects, the temperature drops everywhere, with highs about 28/32 °C (82/90 °F), but high humidity makes the heat uncomfortable. 
In October and November, the heat starts to increase again with the withdrawal of the monsoon, more in the north, where highs return to about 40 °C (104 °F) than in the south, where they remain around 35 °C (95 °F).
Burkina Faso, it's hot all year round; however, in winter, sometimes it can get a bit cold at night. The cold records are around 6/7 °C (43/45 °F) in the north and 10 °C (50 °F) in the south. The highest recorded temperatures are impressive, especially in the north, where they are around 47/48 °C (117/118 °F), and has been recorded in April and May, while in the south they are around 42/44 °C (108/111 °F), and has been recorded between February and April, and even in January in the extreme south, where the sun's rays in winter are stronger because of the proximity to the Equator.

International Phone Code

+226

Internet Code

.bf

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