Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria
Bulgaria is a country in Southeast Europe.
It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia
to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea
to the east.
Reason For Naming the country
The name Bulgaria is derived from the Bulgars, a tribe of Turkic origin that founded the country. Their name is not completely understood and is difficult to trace back earlier than the 4th century AD, but it is possibly derived from the Proto-Turkic word bulģha ("to mix", "shake", "stir") and its derivative bulgak ("revolt", "disorder").
The meaning may be further extended to "rebel", "incite" or "produce a state of disorder", and so, in the derivative, the "disturbers".
Ethnic groups in Inner Asia with phonologically similar names were frequently described in similar terms: during the 4th century, the Buluoji, a component of the "Five Barbarian" groups in Ancient China, were portrayed as both a "mixed race" and "troublemakers".
The Flag of Bulgaria first adoption date was adopted in 1879, following the Russo-Turkish War. The nation adopted the flag after gaining independence.
The current flag of Bulgaria was officially adopted on November 22, 1990.
The National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria is a national symbol, which expresses the independence and sovereignty of the Bulgarian State.
The flag consists of three horizontal white, green and red stripes.
The red and white colors of the flag were taken from the Pan Slavic
The green replaced the blue of the Russian Tricolor, and before 1990,
the white stripe contained the Bulgarian coat of arms*.
The white color represent peace,
The green color represents the soil’s fertility,
and the red color represents the courage of the Bulgarians.
* Flag Fact:
An unofficial flag that features the nation’s coat of arms is also commonly used throughout Bulgaria.
Most of Bulgaria's population are Christians. Orthodox Christianity was accepted as the official state religion of Bulgaria during the rule of the First Bulgarian Empire in the 9th century.
Roman Catholicism was introduced in Bulgaria during the Middle Ages, while Protestantism was introduced much later in the 19th century.
Most ethnic Bulgarians are affiliated with the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. Other Orthodox churches are also active within the country.
Islam is the second most popular religion in Bulgaria many of Muslims adheres to Sunnis Muslims
Although Bulgaria is a secular state, its constitution does recognize Orthodox Christianity as the country’s traditional religion. The freedom of religion is provided by the constitution, and the government generally respects this freedom.
Bulgarian, an Indo-European language is the official language of Bulgaria and is spoken by a majority of the country’s population. The language is a close relative of the Macedonian language and a member of the Slavic group of languages.
Minority Languages Of Bulgaria are Turkish & Romani.
Russian is the most commonly spoken foreign language while English is the second commonly spoken foreign language Bulgaria.
Italian, Spanish, and French commonly spoken foreign language in the country.
+03:00 GMT. (Summer Time)
Unitary parliamentary republic
In Bulgaria, the climate is generally continental, with cold winters and warm to hot summers; it is slightly milder along the coast of the Black Sea, and colder in hills and mountains.
Rainfall in Bulgaria is not rich because the country is sheltered from the westerlies, which release most of the rainfall over the Adriatic coast.
Winter, from December to February, is cold throughout the country, with cloudy skies and light snowfalls, but these stable periods may be interrupted by warm wind invasions from the south, which can raise the temperature to 15 °C (59 °F) and more.
Spring, from March to May, is not very rainy, and it experiences great changes in temperature, especially in March and April, the first warm days are cold, during which some late snow showers can occur. Usually, from mid-April or May, temperatures in the plains begin to be mild or warm in a more stable way.
Summer, from June to August, is warm, or even hot, especially in inland plains highs are normally around 30/32 °C (86/90 °F), but very hot days, with peaks of 40 °C (104 °F), are not so rare.
In coastal areas, the heat is less intense and tempered by the breeze.
Autumn, from September to November, starts as a mild and pleasant season, with rare rains.
Having a continental climate, Bulgaria can be visited in spring and autumn, in particular, from mid-May to mid-June, a period when some afternoon thunderstorms must be put into account, and from mid-September to mid-October, a period a bit cooler but also drier. For those who can stand the heat, summer can also be good, remembering that the cities located in inland plains like Plovdiv and Pleven can be hot in July and August.
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