Brazil or officially the Federal Republic of Brazil.
Brazil is located in the continent of South America.
It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana (one of the French Overseas Territories and Territories) to the north;
Colombia to the north-west, Bolivia, Peru to the west; Argentina, Paraguay to the south-west.
Bordered by all the countries of South America except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47% of the continent of South America.
Reason for naming the country
In the era of the Portuguese empires, it was known that the name was linked to a tree (Bau Brazil) in Arabic. Brazilwood A tree species that grows in Brazil and tends to red in color was exported to Europe for the manufacture of paint. In 1967, under the military rule of the government, the name was changed to the Federal Republic of Brazil and the name is used to this day
The city of Brasilia is now the federal capital of Brazil.
The first is Rio de Janeiro where the city of Rio de Janeiro has remained the capital Of the State of Brazil for more than (125) years, before being changed to the City of Brasilia.
The flag of Brazil was adopted on November 19, 1889 (which contains 21 stars).
The current flag was adopted on May 11, 1992 (which contains 27 stars).
The Brazilian flag is composed of green background with a large yellow diamong in the middle.
On top is a blue circle with 27 small white five-pointed stars along with a white stripe that says "ORDEM E PROGRESSO" or “Order and Progress” in green.
The green color represents the House of Braganza of Pedro I, who was the first emperor of the nation.
The yellow color represents the House of Habsburg.
The blue color represent the night sky over Rio de Janeiro.
The white stars represent the 27 states of the nation.
- Brazil is one of the national flags in the world where it does not have
any black or red color that is usually associated with war or blood.
- The Brazilian flag was designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes and painted by artist Desio Vellars just like the American flag.
- When a Brazilian flag can no longer be used, it must be burned on November 19, which is Flag Day.
- The president and vice president of the nation have their own flags.
-Brazil has a Brazilian Flag Anthem, which is a song dedicated to the national flag. It is performed annually on Flag Day.
The official language of Brazil is Portuguese, Portuguese in Brazil is different from Portugal and other countries, as in English between Britain and the United States, Spanish is very widely spoken in Brazil and is an official language in some regions of Brazil and is recognized as a minority.
National languages. When Brazil was discovered there were more than a thousand languages spoken. Currently, some of these languages are extinct such as indigenous languages, including the languages of the two languages. Today there are 180 languages spoken in Brazil.
The major dominant religion in Brazil is Roman Catholics, with 64.63% of people claiming to practice the religion. Most of the states in Brazil are Catholic, with more then half of the population in 25 of the 27 states being Catholic.
Other Christian religions practiced in Brazil account for around 6.82% of the country as Orthodox Christianity, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more commonly refereed to as Mormonism, The Assemblies of God, and Protestant Christianity.
Other minority religions practiced in Brazil include Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Bahá'í, and Judaism.
Brazilian Real (BRL).
Federal Presidential Republic.
Climate in Brazil
The Brazilian climate is warm and moderate for most of the year, Brazil has different climates, although it can be divided into three main climatic regions:
- equatorial, with year-round rains, in the Amazon Basin plus a small coastal area;
- tropical with a dry season in the vast central area, plus a small northern portion;
- almost Mediterranean, with temperate winters and hot summers, in the extreme south.
The best time to visit Brazil is in winter, from June to August, in fact, it is usually the coolest, the least rainy and the sunniest time of the year. In the far south, however, winter is rainy, and sometimes it can get cold; rainfall-wise.
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