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Bhutan

Country Name

Bhutan, officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan.

Location

Bhutan is a landlocked country located in South Asia.

Located in the Eastern Himalayas.

Bhutan is bordered by India to the east and south and China

to the north.

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The reason for naming the country

The meaning of "Bhutan" is unknown, although it is likely to derive from the Tibetan endonym "Böd" for Tibet. Traditionally, it is taken to be a transcription of the Sanskrit Bhoṭa-anta "end of Tibet", a reference to Bhutan's position as the southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau and culture.

Capital 

Thimphu.

Flag

The flag of Bhutan was adopted in 1969.

The flag of Bhutan reflects the country´s name in the local language

(Druk Yul), which means "country of the thunder dragon".

This name is linked to the Buddhist monastery Druk, which was

reportedly founded in the country in the 13th century.

The diagonal divides the flag into two parts yellow and orange.

Yellow color represents the authority of the king,

the orange indicates the strength of the Buddhist religion in the country

and the Drukpa monasteries..

The white dragon stands for purity and loyalty.

the jewelry in his paws refers to the great wealth of the country.

The placement of dragon in equal proportion of yellow and orange shows the equal importance given to these traditions in the Bhutanese culture. 

bhutan-flag.jpg

Language 

The Dzongkha language is the country’s national language.

Most languages spoken in the country belong to the Tibeto-Burman language

family. 

The Sino-Tibetan language of Dzongkha serves as the mother tongue of the Bhutanese people, The language is used in government administration and as the medium of instruction in Bhutan’s schools.

There are 24 languages currently spoken in Bhutan, all of them in the Tibeto-Burman family, except Nepali, an Indo-Aryan language.

Closely related to Dzongkha, the Chocangaca language is spoken in eastern Bhutan’s Mongar and Lhuntse Districts. 

The larger minority languages are Dzala, Limbu, Kheng, and Rai.

Religion

Vajrayana Buddhism is the nation's state religion.

About 75% of the population comprises of Buddhists.

Hindus account for most of the remaining 25% of the country’s population.

A small percentage of the population practices animism or combine Buddhism with some indigenous beliefs.

Currency

Ngultrum (BTN)

Time Zone

+06:00 GMT. 

ngultrum

Government Regime

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Climate

In Bhutan, the climate is influenced by altitude: it is subtropical in the lowlands and becomes progressively colder as you climb the mountain hills.

In addition, the climate is influenced by the summer monsoon, which brings rains and widespread cloudiness for almost six months per year but especially from June to late September. In the southern part, the climate is subtropical.

Winter is very mild, but sometimes it can get cold at night. Spring, from March to May, is hot, especially in April and May, when the temperature can reach as high as 40 °C (104 °F); in addition, afternoon thunderstorms become more frequent.

From June to mid-October, it's the monsoon season, with sufficient rainfall.

The best times to visit the mountainous part of Bhutan are spring and autumn, and particularly the two periods of March-April and mid-October to mid-November. During the summer, the rains can make the roads muddy, so traveling can be difficult, in addition, clouds can hide the mountain peaks. In winter, the weather is generally good, but it's cold in the mountains, in addition, snow can fall at high altitudes, and it can also block some passes.
 

International Phone Code

+975

Internet Code

.bt

Some Facts about Bhutan

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