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Armenia

Country Name 

Armenia or  Republic of Armenia.

Location 

It is a landlocked country with many rugged mountains and volcanoes.

Located in the southern Caucasus between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea between Asia and Eastern Europe. (Specifically at the convergence point of  Western Europe with the Asian East)

Armenia borders with Georgia to the north, Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east.

armenia

Reason for naming the country

There are several names for the state of Armenia. The local name of the country is Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun. While the abbreviated name is "Hayastan" or "Hayek" *

And the international name "Republic of Armenia" and the abbreviation "Armenia".

As for the country's name "Hayek", Hayek is the legendary patriarch of the Armenians, who is said to be one of Noah's descendants.

The Patriarch was victorious over the King of Babylon in 2492 BC about 5000 years ago. His people lived in an area called Ararat.

In the Middle Ages, "Stan"- a Persian word meaning "land" - was added to the word Hayek and became "Hayastan".

The name Armenia is derived from Aram, one of the direct descendants of Hayek.

* Hayek is no longer in use

Capital

Yerevan.

Flag

The flag of Armenia was adopted on 24 August 1990.

It consists of three horizontal colors :

Red, Blue, Orange  The meaning known for these colors are:

Red indicates the blood of the Armenian soldiers who

sacrificed for their homeland.

Blue color shows the Armenia sky.

 Orange  color indicates the nature of the fertile land.

But The official meaning of these colors, which was defined in the Constitution of Armenia on 15 June 2006, is:

Red color indicates the hills of Armenia, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, the preservation of the Christian faith, and the freedom and independence of Armenia.

Blue indicates the will of the Armenian people to live under the calm sky.

Orange color indicates the skill of creativity and the nature of the Armenian people.

Armenia Flag

Language 

96% of the population speaks the Armenian language as well as some other languages such as Russian, Greek, and others.

Armenian is an Indo-European language used in Armenia, in the surrounding areas, and in the Diaspora, where Armenian communities have settled.

Among the Indo-European languages, Armenian is one of the few languages to maintain its primitive form, close to the Greek and Persian languages.

Religion 

Christianity is the official religion of Armenia since Armenia was the first country after Rome to adopt Christianity as the official religion of the state, adopted in 301 AD, and most of the population belongs to the Armenian missionary church and they are followers of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Armenian Dram

Currency

Armenian  Dram (AMD)

Time Zone 

+04:00 GMT

Government Regime 

Unitary semi-presidential republic

Climate in Armenia

The winter of Armenia is very cold, with heavy snow and rain, and the summer is dry, hot, and sunny, from the first of June until the middle of September.

International Phone Code

+374 

Internet Code 

.am

Some Facts about Armenia

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