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Albania

Country Name

Albania or officially The Republic of Albania.

 

Location

Albania lies in the southwestern portion of the Balkan Peninsula 

bordered by Montenegro to the northwestKosovo to the northeast,

the Republic of Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and

southeast.

Most of the country is mountainous, including the Albanian Alps in the north, the Korab Mountains in the east, the Ceraunian Mountains in the south and the Skanderbeg Mountains in the center.

The country's coast touches the Adriatic Sea to the west and the Ionian Sea to the southwest that forms the Albanian Riviera.

It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy across the Strait of Otranto, which connects the Adriatic to the Ionian Sea.

 

 

Reason for naming the country 

Albania is a Latin name for the country whose inhabitants are known as Shakiberi.

 It may be derived from the Illyrian tribe of Albani (Albanian: Albanët) recorded by Ptolemy, the geographer, and astronomer from Alexandria, who drafted a map in 150 AD which shows the city of Albanopolis located northeast of the city of Durrës.

 The term may have a continuation in the name of a medieval settlement called Albanon or Arbanon, although it is not certain that this was the same place. 

In his history written in the 10th century, the Byzantine historian Michael Attaliates was the first to refer to Albanoi as having taken part in a revolt against Constantinople in 1043 and to the Arbanitai as subjects of the Duke of Dyrrachium.

 During the Middle Ages, the Albanians called their country Arbëri or Arbëni and referred to themselves as Arbëreshë or Arbëneshë.

 

Capital

Tirana

 

Flag

The flag of Albania is a Red flag with a silhouetted black 

double-headed eagle in the center.

 The flag was first adopted as the national flag of

modern Albania in 1912.

The current flag of Albania was first used on 7 April 1992.

The flag that was used before in the Kingdom of Albania

since 1946 was identical to the current flag with a yellow star at

the top of the eagle.

The origin of the flag is the national hero Iskandar bek(Bey), who fought the Turks in the fifteenth century.

The eagle is sacred to the Albanians, who see themselves as descendants of the eagle and refer to themselves as "Shaktipari", meaning "sons of the eagle"

The Red stands for bravery, strength, and valor,

The double-headed eagle represents the sovereign state of 

Albania.

 

Language

Albanian residents speak Albanian, Albanian is a branch of Indo-European languages family that has been influenced by several other languages, including Arabic, Turkish and Persian.

Greek is the second most-spoken language in the country,

 

 

Religion

Albania is a secular state without an official religion, with the freedom of religion being a constitutional right. 

Despite the fact that most Albanians are still affiliated with religious groups such as Muslims and Christians, some intellectual, political and religious figures refuse to the referring Albania as a "Muslim state" or "a state with a Muslim majority".

However, most of the population is Sunni Muslim (after the decline in the number of Muslims). Followed by Christianity (Catholics and Orthodox) and then Bektashi Order** and there is also a number who do not belong to any religion.

**  is a dervish order (tariqat) named after the 7th century belongs to Haji Bektash Veli, spread in Anatolia, and then in Albania.

 

Currency

Lec Albanian. Now the euro is widely used.

 

Time Zone

+ 01: 00 GMT

  +02: 00 daylight saving time.

 

Government Regime

 Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic.

 

Climate

Albania has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters in the lowlands. In the highlands, snow can fall from November until March; mountain towns are very cold at this time of year.

 

International Phone code

+355

 

Internet Code

.al

 

Some Facts About Albania 

 

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Albania Location
Albanian Flag
Lek Albanian
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